Saudi Arabia

Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a union of two regions, Nejd and Hejaz. In the 18th century, Nejd was an autonomous region governed from Diriya, the stronghold of the Wahhabis, a puritanical Islamic sect. It subsequently fell under Turkish rule but in 1913 Abdulaziz Ibn Abdul Rahman Al-Saud defeated the Turks and also captured the Turkish province of al Hasa. In 1920 he captured the Asir and in 1921 he added the Jebel Shammar territory of the Rashid family. In 1925 he completed the conquest of the Hejaz. Great Britain recognized Abdulaziz as an independent ruler by the Treaty of Jeddah on 20 May 1927. The name was changed to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Sept. 1932. Although commencing before the Second World War, oil exploitation developed strongly with the support of the USA after 1945.


Saudi Arabia Gulf Cooperation Council Islamic Banking National Guard Gulf Cooperation Council Country 
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Further Reading

  1. Al-Rasheed, Madawi, A History of Saudi Arabia. CUP, 2002Google Scholar
  2. Azzam, H., Saudi Arabia: Economic Trends, Business Environment and Investment Opportunities. London, 1993Google Scholar
  3. Kostiner, J., The Making of Saudi Arabia: from Chieftaincy to Monarchical State. OUP, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Mackey, Sandra, The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom. Revised ed. W. W. Norton, New York, 2003Google Scholar
  5. Peterson, J. E., Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia. Metuchen (NJ), 1994Google Scholar
  6. Wright, J. W. (ed.) Business and Economic Development in Saudi Arabia: Essays with Saudi Scholars. London, 1996Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Ministry of Finance and National Economy, Department of Statistics, Riyadh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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