Advertisement

Canada

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The first European in Canada was John Cabot in 1497. France claimed possession in 1534. The territories which now constitute Canada came under British power at various times by settlement, conquest or cession. For the most part such efforts were directed at gaining advantage over the indigenous Indian and Eskimo communities as well as displacing French colonial rule. Conflict also broke out, however, with the fledgling United States in the Anglo-American war of 1812–14. Since then. Canada and the USA have maintained the world’s longest undefended border. Nova Scotia was occupied in 1628 by settlement at Port Royal, was ceded back to France in 1632 and was finally ceded by France in 1713 by the Treaty of Utrecht. The Hudson’s Bay Company’s charter, conferring rights over all the territory draining into Hudson Bay, was granted in 1670. Canada, with all its dependencies, including New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, was formally ceded to Great Britain by France in 1763; Vancouver Island was acknowledged to be British by the Oregon Boundary Treaty of 1846; and British Columbia was established as a separate colony in 1858. As originally constituted, Canada was composed of the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada (now Ontario and Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. They were united under the British North America Act, 1867.

Keywords

Nova Scotia British Columbia Civil Aviation Executive Council Recent Election 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Canadian Annual Review. From 1960Google Scholar
  2. Canadian Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. 4 vols. Edmonton, 1988Google Scholar
  3. Brown, R. C., An Illustrated History of Canada. Toronto, 1991Google Scholar
  4. Cook, C., Canada after the Referendum of 1992. McGill-Queens Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Dawson, R. M. and Dawson, W. F., Democratic Government in Canada. 5th ed. Toronto Univ. Press, 1989Google Scholar
  6. Ingles, E., Canada. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1990Google Scholar
  7. Jackson, R. J., Politics in Canada: Culture, Institutions, Behaviour and Public Policy. 2nd ed. Scarborough (Ont), 1990Google Scholar
  8. Longille, P., Changing the Guard: Canada’s Defence in a World in Transition. Toronto Univ. Press, 1991Google Scholar
  9. Silver, A. I. (ed.) Introduction to Canadian History. London, 1994Google Scholar
  10. Other more specialized titles are listed under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  11. National library: The National Library of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Librarian: Roch Carrier.Google Scholar
  12. National statistical office: Statistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0T6.Google Scholar
  13. Savage, H., Kroetsch, R., Wiebe, R., Alberta. NeWest Press, 1993Google Scholar
  14. Economic Development Edmonton, Edmonton Info: Edmonton’s Official Fact Book 1999. Edmonton, 1999Google Scholar
  15. Statistical office: Alberta Finance, Statistics, Room 259, Terrace Bldg, 9515–107 St., Edmonton, AB T5K 2C3.Google Scholar
  16. Barman, J., The West beyond the West: a History of British Columbia. Toronto Univ. Press. 1991Google Scholar
  17. Statistical office: BC STATS, Ministry of Finance and Corporate Relations, P.O. Box 9410. Stn. Prov. Govt, Victoria V8W 9V1.Google Scholar
  18. Industrial Information: Dept. of Economic Development and Tourism, Fredericton. Economic Google Scholar
  19. Information: Dept. of Finance, New Brunswick Statistics Agency, Fredericton. General Google Scholar
  20. Information: Communications New Brunswick, Fredericton.Google Scholar
  21. Statistical office: Newfoundland Labrador Statistics Agency, POB 8700, St. John’s, NL A1B 4J6.Google Scholar
  22. Nova Scotia Fact Book. N. S. Department of Economic Development, Halifax, 1993Google Scholar
  23. Nova Scotia Statistical Review. N. S. Department of Finance, Halifax, 2002Google Scholar
  24. Nova Scotia Facts at a Glance. N. S. Department of Finance, Halifax, 2002Google Scholar
  25. Statistical office: Statistics Division, Department of Finance, POB 187, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 2N3.Google Scholar
  26. Website: http://www.gov.ns.ca/finance/statisti/
  27. Statistical Information: Annual publications of the Ontario Ministry of Finance include: Ontario Statistics; Ontario Budget; Public Accounts; Financial Report.Google Scholar
  28. Baldwin, D. O., Abegweit: Land of the Red Soil Charlottetown, 1985Google Scholar
  29. Dickinson, J. A. and Young, B., A Short History of Quebec. 2nd ed. Harlow, 1994Google Scholar
  30. Gagnon, A.- G., Québec. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  31. Young, R. A., The Secession of Quebec and the Future of Canada. McGill-Queen’s Univ. Press. 1995Google Scholar
  32. Statistical office: Bureau de la Statistique du Québec, 117 rue Saint-André, Québec G1K 3Y3Google Scholar
  33. Archer, J. H., Saskatchewan: A History. Saskatoon, 1980Google Scholar
  34. Arora, V., The Saskatchewan Bibliography. Regina, 1980Google Scholar
  35. Statistical office: Bureau of Statistics, 5th Floor, 2350 Albert St., Regina, SK, S4P 4A6.Google Scholar
  36. Annual Report of the Government of the Northwest Territories Google Scholar
  37. Government Activities in the North, 1983–84. Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada NWT Data Book 90/91. Yellowknife, 1991Google Scholar
  38. Zaslow, M., The Opening of the Canadian North 1870–1914. Toronto, 1971Google Scholar
  39. Annual Report of the Government of the Yukon.Google Scholar
  40. Yukon Executive Council, Annual Statistical Review.Google Scholar
  41. Berton, P., Klondike. (Rev. ed.) Toronto, 1987Google Scholar
  42. Coates, K. and Morrison, W., Land of the Midnight Sun: A History of the Yukon. Edmonton. 1988Google Scholar
  43. There is a Yukon Archive at Yukon College, Whitehorse.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations