• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) ended with the cession of Belgium to the Austrian Hapsburgs. Briefly annexed to France during the Napoleonic war, Belgium and Holland were reunited by the Treaty of Paris (1815) to form one state. The Belgians rose in revolt and the kingdom of Belgium was formed as an independent state in 1830. By the Treaty of London, 15 Nov. 1831, the neutrality of Belgium was guaranteed by Austria, Russia, Great Britain and Prussia. In 1914 Belgian neutrality was violated and, as a consequence, Britain declared war on Germany. In the Second World War Belgium was again invaded by Germany. In the post-war years, linguistic rivalry between the Flemish (Dutch)-speaking north of the country and the French-speaking Walloons of the south led to bitter political divisions. Belgium’s sole colony, the Bel gian Congo, gained independence in 1960. Following constitutional reforms voted by Parliament in May 1993, Belgium became a federal state.


Credit Institution Investment Firm Constitutional Reform Walloon Region Flemish Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Royaume de Belgique Koninkrijk België (Kingdom of Belgium)


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Further Reading

  1. The Institut National de Statistique. Statistiques du commerce extérieur (monthly). Bulletin de Statistique. Bi-monthly. Annuaire Statistique de la Belgique (from 1870).—Annuaire statistique de poche (from 1965).Google Scholar
  2. Service Fédéral d’Information. Guide de l’Administration Fédérale. OccasionalGoogle Scholar
  3. Deprez, K., and Vos, L., Nationalism in Belgium—Shifting Identities, 1780–1995, London 1998Google Scholar
  4. Fitzmaurice, J., The Politics of Belgium: a Unique Federalism. Farnborough, 1996Google Scholar
  5. Hermans, T. J., et al., (eds.) The Flemish Movement: a Documentary History. London, 1992Google Scholar
  6. National statistical office: Institut National de Statistique, Rue de Louvain 44, 1000 Brussels.Google Scholar
  7. Service Fédérale d’Information: POB 3000, 1040 Brussels 4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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