• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Archaeological evidence points to the influence of Arabic and Turkish cultures prior to the 4th century AD. Avar, Goth, Hun and Magyar occupations punctuated the development of the East Slavs over the next five centuries, while trade with Germanic, Scandinavian and Middle Eastern regions began in the 8th century.

Rossiiskaya Federatsiya


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Further Reading

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  5. Cambridge Encyclopedia of Russia and the Former Soviet Union. CUP, 1995Google Scholar
  6. Brady, Rose, Kapitalizm: Russia’s Struggle to Free its Economy. Yale University Press, 2000Google Scholar
  7. Dunlop, J., Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict, Vol. 1. CUP, 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  22. Putin, Vladimir, First Person; interviews, translated from Russian. Hutchinson, London, 2000Google Scholar
  23. Remnick, D., Resurrection: The Struggle for a New Russia. Picador, London, 1998Google Scholar
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  29. White, Stephen, et al.How Russia Votes. Chatham House (NJ), 1997.Google Scholar
  30. White, Stephen, Pravda, Alex and Gitelman, Zvi (eds.), Developments in Russian Politics. Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
  31. Woodruff, David, Money Unmade: Barter and the Fate of Russian Capitalism. Cornell University Press, 2000Google Scholar
  32. Yeltsin, B., The View from the Kremlin (in USA The Struggle for Russia). London and New York, 1994Google Scholar
  33. National statistical office: Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Statistike (Goskomstai), Moscow.Google Scholar
  34. Website:

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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