Republic of Singapore
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Singapore Island became part of the Javanese Majapahit Empire in the 14th century. The Portuguese took control of the area in the 16th century, followed by the Dutch a hundred years later. In 1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the British East India Administrator, established a trading settlement. The lease to the British East India Company by the Sultan of Johore was followed by the treaty of 2 Aug. 1824 ceding the entire island in perpetuity to the company. In 1826 Penang, Malacca and Singapore were combined as the Straits Settlements. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the advent of the steamship, an era of prosperity began for Singapore. Growth continued with the export of tin and rubber from the Malay peninsula.


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Statistics. Monthly Digest of Statistics.—Yearbook of Statistics.Google Scholar
  2. The Constitution of Singapore. Singapore, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Information Division, Ministry of Information and the Arts. Singapore [year]: a Review of [the previous year].Google Scholar
  4. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Economic Survey of Singapore. (Quarterly and Annual)Google Scholar
  5. Chew, E. C. T., A History of Singapore. Singapore, 1992Google Scholar
  6. Clammer, J. R., Singapore: Ideology, Society, Culture. Singapore, 1985Google Scholar
  7. Huff, W. G., Economic Growth of Singapore: Trade and Development in the Twentieth Century. CUP, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Myint, S., The Principles of Singapore Law. 2nd ed. Singapore, 1992Google Scholar
  9. National Library. Books about Singapore. Singapore, irregularGoogle Scholar
  10. Quah, J. S. T., Government and Politics of Singapore. OUP, 1985Google Scholar
  11. Quah, J. S. T. and Stella, R., Singapore. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1988Google Scholar
  12. Tan, C. H., Financial Markets and Institutions in Singapore. 7th ed. Singapore, 1992Google Scholar
  13. Turnbull, C. M., A History of Singapore, 1819–1988. 2nd ed. OUP, 1989Google Scholar
  14. Vasil, R. K., Governing Singapore. Singapore, 1992Google Scholar
  15. National library: National Library, Stamford Rd, Singapore, 178896.Google Scholar
  16. National statistical office: Department of Statistics, Minister of Trade and Industry, Singapore 068811.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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