Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


At the outbreak of the Napoleonic wars Germany consisted of many small states, independent but loosely bound by a common allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor, a title which for most of its history fell to the Austrian royal house of Hapsburg. In 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was destroyed by Napoleon who then combined 16 German states as the Confederation of the Rhine. Following Napoleon’s defeat in 1815, a larger Confederation was formed with 38 members (39 after 1817). Austria remained the dominant power with a permanent right to the presidency. Prussia held the vice-presidency.


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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

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  • Barry Turner

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