Hayastani Hanrapetoutiun (Republic of Armenia)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The early history of Armenia was one of foreign domination with, at various times, the Turkish, Persian and Russian empires claiming control. In the early part of this century the Armenians under Turkish rule suffered brutal persecution. Armenia enjoyed a brief period of independence after the First World War but in 1920 the country was proclaimed a Soviet Socialist Republic. The Soviet-Turkish Treaty of Kars (March 1921) confirmed the Turkish possession of the former Government of Kars and of the Surmali District of the Government of Yerevan. From 1922 to 1936, Armenia formed part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. In 1936 it was proclaimed a constituent republic of the USSR.


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Further Reading

  1. Brook, S., Claws of the Crab: Georgia and Armenia in Crisis. London, 1992Google Scholar
  2. Hovannisian, R. G., The Republic of Armenia. 4 vols. Univ. of California Press, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Lang, D.M., Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London, 1978. The Armenians: a People in Exile. London, 1981Google Scholar
  4. Malkasian, M., Gha-Ra-Bagh: the Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Wayne State Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  5. Nersessian, V. N., Armeni. [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  6. Walker, C. J., Armenia: The Survival of a Nation. 2nd ed. London, 1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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