Islamic State of Afghanistan
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Ahmad Shah Durrani consolidated Afghanistan as a kingdom, ruling with an advisory council of tribal chiefs from 1747 until his death in 1773. His frontiers extended into modern Kir and Pakistan, although by 1770 he had suffered reversals at the hands of the Sikhs in the Punjab. After 1773 the unity of Afghanistan was threatened by internal quarrels. In 1816–24 there was civil war, ending in victory for the Barakzay clan, whose leader Dost Mohammed became Amir in 1826. His capital was Kabul.


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Further Reading

  1. Amin, S. H., Law, Reform and Revolution in Afghanistan. London, 1991Google Scholar
  2. Arney, G., Afghanistan. London, 1990Google Scholar
  3. Hyman, A., Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–1991. 3rd ed. London, 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jones, S., Afghanistan. [Bibliography], Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1991Google Scholar
  5. Roy, O., Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan. 2nd ed. CUP, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Rubin, B.R., The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System. Yale Univ. Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  7. The Search for Peace in Afghanistan: from Buffer State to Failed State. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  8. Sykes, P. M., A History of Afghanistan. 2 vols. New York, 1975Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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