Savezna Republika Jugoslavija (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising the republics of Serbia and Montenegro)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 28 June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated in Bosnia by a young nationalist. Though Serbia complied with most of the terms of Austria’s subsequent ultimatum, Austria declared war on 28 July, thus precipitating the First World War. In the winter of 1915–16 the Serbian army was forced to retreat to Corfu, where the government, under Prime Minister Pašić, was established. Montenegro capitulated in 1916 and its king fled. Exiles from Croatia and Slovenia had formed a Yugoslav Committee in 1914 whose aim was South Slav federation. This was not compatible with Pašić’s goal of a centralized, Serb-run state, but the Committee and the government managed to contrive a joint ‘Corfu Declaration’ in July 1917 demanding a ‘constitutional, democratic, parliamentary monarchy headed by the Karadjordevics. This was accepted by the Allies as the basis for the new state. The Croats were forced by the pressure of events to join Serbia and Montenegro on 1 Dec. 1918. From 1918–29 the country was known as the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.


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Further Reading

  1. Federal Statistical Office. Statistical Yearbook of Yugoslavia. Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, C., Yugoslavia’s Bloody Collapse: Causes, Course and Consequences. Farnborough, 1995Google Scholar
  3. Bokovoy, M. K. et al (eds.) State-Society Relations in Yugoslavia 1945–1992. London, 1997Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, L. J., Broken Bonds: the Disintegration of Yugoslavia. Boulder (CO), 1993Google Scholar
  5. Djilas, A., The Contested Country: Yugoslav Unity and Communist Revolution, 1919–1953. Harvard Univ. Press, 1991Google Scholar
  6. Dyker, D. and Vejvoda, I. (eds.) Yugoslavia and After: a Study in Fragmentation, Despair and Rebirth. Harlow, 1996Google Scholar
  7. Friedman, F. (ed.) Yugoslavia: a Comprehensive English-Language Bibliography. London, 1993Google Scholar
  8. Glenny, M., The Fall of Yugoslavia. London, 1992Google Scholar
  9. Gow, J., Triumph of the Lack of Will: International Diplomacy and the Yugoslav War. London and Columbia University Press, 1997Google Scholar
  10. Horton, J. J., Yugoslavia. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1978Google Scholar
  11. Judah, T., The Serbs: History, Myth and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. Yale, 1997Google Scholar
  12. Magaš, B., The Destruction of Yugoslavia: Tracking the Break-up, 1980–92. London, 1993Google Scholar
  13. Singleton, F., Twentieth Century Yugoslavia. London, 1976.—A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. CUP, 1985Google Scholar
  14. Tito, J. B., The Essential Tito. New York, 1970Google Scholar
  15. Udovicki, J., and Ridgeway, J. (eds.), Burn This House: The Making and Unmaking of Yugoslavia. Duke, 1997Google Scholar
  16. Woodward, S. L., Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War. Brookings Institution (Washington), 1995Google Scholar
  17. National statistical office: Federal Statistical Office, Kneza Miloša 20, Belgrade. Director: Milovan Živković.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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