Spain: Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain)
The modern Spanish state was founded with the marriage in 1469 of the heirs of the crowns of Castile and Aragon, respectively Isabel I and Fernando V. Under their joint reign Spain recovered Granada, the last Islamic territory in the Iberian peninsula and sponsored the modern discovery of America, both events in 1492. This dynasty ended in 1700 and subsequently the French Bourbon dynasty was enthroned, with Felipe V as its first king; the present monarch, Juan Carlos I, installed in 1975, is his direct descendant.
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