Lietuvos Respublika
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Lithuanian tribes which were organized into state units in the 9th century unified in the face of encroachment by the German order of Teutonic Knights. At the time of Tatar-Mongol domination of Russia, Lithuania annexed Russian lands until by the middle of the 15th century Belorussia, parts of Russia and Ukraine as far as the Black Sea were under its rule. Lithuania united with Poland dynastically in 1385 and politically in 1569. During the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Russia, Prussia and Austria in the 18th century, Lithuania yielded its Russian territories and was absorbed into the Russian empire in 1795.


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Statistics to the Government. Statistical Yearbook of Lithuania — Economic and Social Development in Lithuania. Monthly.Google Scholar
  2. Hood, N. et al (eds.), Transition in the Baltic States. 1997Google Scholar
  3. Jurgéla, C. R., History of the Lithuanian Nation. New York, 1948Google Scholar
  4. Kantantas, A. and F., A Lithuanian Bibliography. Univ. of Alberta Press, 1975Google Scholar
  5. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. Yale UP, 1994Google Scholar
  6. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  7. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic States. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  8. Vardys, V. S. and Sedaitis, J. B., Lithuania: the Rebel Nation. Boulder (CO), 1997Google Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Department of Statistics to the Government, Gedimino Pr. 29, 2746 Vilnius. Director: Kestutis Zaborskas.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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