Following the collapse of Japan in 1945 Soviet forces arrived in North Korea, one month ahead of the Americans, and established a Communist-led provisional government. The newly created Korean Workers’ (i.e. Communist) Party, with other pro-Communist groups and individuals, formed the United Democratic front. On 25 Aug. 1948 the Communists organized elections for a Supreme People’s Assembly, both in the Soviet-occupied north and the American-occupied south; some southern deputies went to the north and took their seats. A People’s Democratic Republic was proclaimed on 9 Sept. 1948 and Kim Il-sung became premier, purging all rivals.
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