The first settlers came to Iceland in 874. Between 930 and 1262 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1262 the country recognized the rule of the King of Norway. In 1380 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the rule of the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained under the rule of Denmark. The invention of motorized fishing boats in the late nineteenth century revolutionized the fishing industry and gave impetus to the campaign for self determination. After 1 Dec. 1918 it was acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944 following a referendum favouring severance from the Danish crown.
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