Magyar Köztársaság (Hungarian Republic)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Hungarians call themselves“Magyars” ;“Hungarian” derives from the Turkic name (“On ogur”, i.e,. ten arrows) of the tribal federation on the Don which Arpád his horde left in order to settle the sparsely inhabited middle Danubian basin in 896. The horde spread terror by its forays but was pacified by defeat at the hands of the Germans at Augsburg in 955. In 1000 Stephen adopted Roman Catholicism and received a crown from the Pope. Stephen replaced the tribal structure with a system of counties administered by royal officials. As nomadism gave way to agriculture a feudal society developed led by nobility descended from the original conquerors.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Office. Statisztikai Évkönyy. since 1871.—Magyar Statisztikai Zsebkönyv. Annual.—Statistical Yearbook.Statistical Handbook of Hungary.Monthly Bulletin of Statistics. Google Scholar
  2. Bako, E., Guide to Hungarian Studies. 2 vols. Stanford Univ. Press, 1973Google Scholar
  3. Batt, J., Economic Reform and Political Change in Eastern Europe: a Comparison of the Czechoslovak and Hungarian Experiences. Basingstoke, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Bozóki, A., et al. (eds.) Post-Communist Transition: Emerging Pluralism in Hungary. London. 1992Google Scholar
  6. Brown, D. M., Towards a Radical Democracy: the Political Economy of the Budapest School. Cambridge, 1988Google Scholar
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  8. Cox, T. and Furlong, A. (eds.) Hungary: the Politics of Transition. London, 1995 Geró, A., Modern Hungarian Society in the Making: the Unfinished Experience: translated from Hungarian. Budapest, 1995Google Scholar
  9. Hann, C. M. (ed.), Market Economy and Civil Society in Hungary. London. 1990Google Scholar
  10. Kabdebó, T., Hungary. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1980Google Scholar
  11. Kornai, J., The Road to a Free Economy: Shifting from a Socialist Systemthe Example of Hungary. New York and London, 1990Google Scholar
  12. Lendvai, P., Hungary: the Art of Survival. London. 1989Google Scholar
  13. Macartney, C. A., Hungary: A Short History. London. 1962Google Scholar
  14. Mitchell, K. D. (ed.) Political Pluralism in Hungary and Poland: Perspectives on the Reforms. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  15. Sugar, P. F. (ed.)A History of Hungary. London. 1991Google Scholar
  16. Szekely, I. P., Hungary: an Economy in Transition. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  17. National statistical office: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal/Central Statistical Office, Keleti Károly . 5/7, H-1024 Budapest. Director: Dr György Vukovich.Google Scholar
  18. Website: Hungarian Central Statistics Office, National library: Széchcnyi Library. Budapest.

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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