Advertisement

France

République Française
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Gaul, the area that is now France, was conquered by Julius Caesar in the 1st century BC and became a part of the Roman Empire. In the 3rd and 4th centuries it was overrun by Germanic tribes and in the 10th century Norsemen invaded. There was a long period of conflict with England, typified by the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453); and this was followed by rivalry with Spain in the latter part of the 15th and in the 16th century. The Reformation caused a long religious civil war between 1562 and 1598, at the end of which the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre was converted to Catholicism and reigned as the first Bourbon king, Henry IV. The two powerful ministers of the 17th century, Cardinal Richelieu and Mazarin, successively ensured that France, and not Spain, established itself as the dominant country in Europe. Militarily, this was achieved by the treaties of Westphalia (which ended the Thirty Years’ War in 1648) and of the Pyrenees (1659). There followed the brilliant reign of Louis XIV, the ‘Sun King’ (1643–1715).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques: Annuaire statistique de la France (from 1878); Bulletin mensuel de statistique (monthly); Documentation économique (bimonthly); Economie et Statistique (monthly); Tableaux de l’Économie Française (biennially, from 1956); Tendances de la Conjoncture (monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Agulhon, M., The French Republic, 1879–1992. Oxford, 1993Google Scholar
  3. Ardant, P., Les Institutions de la Ve République. Paris, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Balladur, E., Deuxans à Matignon. Paris, 1995Google Scholar
  5. Braudel, F., The Identity of France. 2 vols. London, 1988–90Google Scholar
  6. Caron, F., An Economic History of Modem France. London, 1979Google Scholar
  7. Chambers, F. J., France. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), (rev. ed.) 1990Google Scholar
  8. Chambers, F. J., Paris. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  9. Chazal, C., Balladur. [in French] Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Cubertafond, A., Le Pouvoir, la Politique et l’État en France. Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  11. L’État de la France. Paris, annualGoogle Scholar
  12. Gildea, R., France since 1945. OUP, 1996Google Scholar
  13. Gouze, R., Mitterrand par Mitterrand. Paris, 1994Google Scholar
  14. Hollifield, J. F. and Ross, G., Searching for the New France. London, 1991Google Scholar
  15. Hudson, G. L., Corsica. [World Bibliographic Series, vol. 202] Oxford, 1997Google Scholar
  16. Jones, C., The Cambridge Illustrated History of France. CUP, 1994Google Scholar
  17. McMillan, J. F., Twentieth-Century France: Politics and Society in France, 1898–1991. 2nd ed. [of Dreyfus to De Gaulle]. London, 1992Google Scholar
  18. Mendras, H. and Cole, A., Social Change in Modern France: towards a Cultural Anthropology of the Fifth Republic. CUP, 1991Google Scholar
  19. Morris, P., French Politics Today. Manchester Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  20. Noin, D. and White, P. Paris. Chichester, 1998Google Scholar
  21. Pinchemel, P., France: A Geographical, Social and Economic Survey. CUP, 1987Google Scholar
  22. Popkin, J. D., A History of Modern France. New York, 1994Google Scholar
  23. Price, R., Concise History of France. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  24. Schmidt, V. A., Democratizing France: the Political and Administrative History of Decentralization. CUP. 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stevens, A., The Government and Politics of France. London, 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Todd, E., The Making of Modern France: Politics, Ideology and Culture. Oxford, 1991Google Scholar
  27. Verdié, M. (ed.) L’État de la France et de ses Habitants. Paris, 1992Google Scholar
  28. Vesperini, J.-P., L’Économie de la France sous la Ve République. Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  29. Who’s Who in France [in French]. Paris, annualGoogle Scholar
  30. (Also see specialized titles listed under relevant selections, above.) Google Scholar
  31. National statistical office: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Économiques (1NSEE), 75582 Paris Cedex 12.Google Scholar
  32. Crane J., Martinique.[Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1995Google Scholar
  33. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Économiques: Tableau Économique de la Réunion. Paris (annual)Google Scholar
  34. Bertile, W., Atlas Thématique et Régional. Réunion, 1990Google Scholar
  35. De La Rüe, E. A., Saint-Pierre et Miquelon. Paris, 1963Google Scholar
  36. Ribault, J. Y., Histoire de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon: des Origines à 1814. St Pierre, 1962Google Scholar
  37. Institut Territorial de la Statistique et des Etudes Économiques: Journal Officiel de la Nouvelle Calédonie; Tableaux de l’Économie Calédonienne/New Caledonia: Facts & Figures (TEC 97) (every 3 years); Informations Statistiques Rapides de Nouvelle-Calédonie (monthly).Google Scholar
  38. Dommel, D., La Crise Calédonienne: Démission on Guérison? Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  39. Local statistical office: Institut Territorial de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, BP 823, 98845 Nouméa.Google Scholar
  40. Bounds, J. H., Tahiti. Bend. Oregon, 1978Google Scholar
  41. Luke, Sir Harry, The Islands of the South Pacific. London, 1961Google Scholar
  42. O’Reilly, P. and Reitman, E., Bihiiographie de Tahiti et de la Polynésie française. Paris, 1967Google Scholar
  43. O’Reilly, P. and Teissier, R., Tahitiens. Répertoire hio-hihliographique de la Polynésie française. Paris, 1963Google Scholar
  44. Local statistical office: Institut Territorial de la Statistique, Papeete.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations