Key Historical Events. The early Estonians did not create state units and were subjected to Viking incursions. In 1346 the Danes relinquished Estonia to German rule, and it became part of the Holy Roman Empire and then a Swedish possession in the middle of the 17th century. On Sweden’s defeat by Peter the Great, Estonia passed to the Russian Empire in 1721. For events during the 1917 Russian Revolution se. The Statesman’s Yearbook, 1995–96, p. 521.
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