Key Historical Events. Part of the Ottoman Empire from 1517 until Dec. 1914 when it became a British protectorate, Egypt became an independent monarchy on 28 Feb. 1922. Following a revolution on 23 July 1952, a republic was proclaimed on 18 June 1953. Egypt was merged with Syria from 22 Feb. 1958 to 28 Sept. 1961 as the United Arab Republic.
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