• Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Key Historical Events. The first European discovery of Canada was made by John Cabot in 1497. France claimed possession in 1534. The territories which now constitute Canada came under British power at various times by settlement, conquest or cession. The Hudson’s Bay Company’s charter, conferring rights over all the territory draining into Hudson Bay, was granted in 1670; Canada, with all its dependencies, was ceded to Great Britain by France in 1763; Vancouver Island was acknowledged to be British by the Oregon Boundary Treaty of 1846, and British Columbia was established as a separate colony in 1858. As originally constituted, Canada was composed of Upper and Lower Canada (now Ontario and Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. They were united under the British North America Act, 1867. Provision was made in the Act for the admission of British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Rupeit’s Land and the Northwest Territory into the Union. In 1870, Rupert’s Land and the Northwest Territory were annexed and named the Northwest Territories, Canada compensating the Hudson’s Bay Company in cash and land. By the same action the Province of Manitoba was created from a small portion of this territory and they were admitted into the Confederation in 1870.


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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