Key Historical Events. For Switzer-land’s history until the Napoleonic period see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1994–95, p. 1255. In 1815 the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland and the inviolability of her territory were guaranteed by Austria, France, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, Russia, Spain and Sweden, and the Federal Pact, which included 3 new cantons, was accepted by the Congress of Vienna. In 1848 a new Constitution was passed. The 22 cantons set up a Federal Government and a Federal Tribunal. This Constitution was on 29 May 1874 superseded by the present Constitution. A new canton, Jura, was established on 1 Jan. 1979.
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