• Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Key Historical Events. After the dissolution of the USSR in Dec. 1991, Russia became one of the founding members of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Boris Yeltsin was elected President in June 1991. A period of confrontation in 1992–93 between President Yeltsin and parliament culminated on 21 Sept. in a presidential decree on ‘gradual constitutional reform’ which suspended the operations of parliament, called new parliamentary elections for Dec. and assumed emergency executive powers. Parliament and the Constitutional Court rejected this action, and parliament proclaimed Vice-President Rutskoi acting president. The USA, the EC and other countries expressed support for President Yeltsin, as did the Ukraine and Belarus. Many deputies refused to leave the parliament building and mounted an armed guard which was cordoned off by pro-Yeltsin forces. Public demonstrations and counter-demonstrations began on 26 Sept. After a week in which deputies remained in the parliament building, some thousands of armed anti-Yeltsin demonstrators assembled on 3 Oct. and were urged to seize the Kremlin and television centre. Shots were fired and there were fatal casualties.

Rossiiskaya Federatsiya


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Further Reading

  1. Rossiiskii Statisticheskii Ezhegodnik. Moscow, annual (title varies)Google Scholar
  2. Aslund, A. (ed.) Economic Transformation in Russia. New York, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Cambridge Encyclopedia of Russia and the Former Soviet Union. CUP, 1995Google Scholar
  4. Dukes, P., A History of Russia: Medieval, Modern, Contemporary. 2nd ed. London, 1990Google Scholar
  5. Kochan, L., The Making of Modern Russia. 2nd ed, revised by R. Abraham. London, 1994Google Scholar
  6. Pares, B., A History of Russia. London, 1962Google Scholar
  7. Paxton, J., Encyclopedia of Russian History’. Denver (CO), 1993Google Scholar
  8. Pitman, L., Russia/USSR. [Bibliography]. 2nd ed. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  9. Riasanovsky, N. V., A History of Russia. 5th ed. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Roxburgh, A., The Second Russian Revolution: the Struggle for Power in the Kremlin. London, 1992Google Scholar
  11. Sakwa, R., Russian Politics and Society. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Smith, H., The New Russians. London, 1990Google Scholar
  13. Treadgold, D.W., Twentieth Century Russia. 6th ed. Boston, 1987Google Scholar
  14. Westwood, J. N., Endurance and Endeavour: Russian History. 1812–1992. 4th ed. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  15. White, S. et al (eds.) Developments in Russian and Post-Soviet Politics. London, 1994Google Scholar
  16. Yeltsin, B., The View from the Kremlin (in USA The Struggle for Russia). London and New York, 1994Google Scholar
  17. National statistical office: Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Statistike (Goskomstat), Moscow.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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