LySveldiä Island; (Republic of Iceland)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. The first settlers came to Iceland in 874. Between 930 and 1262 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1262 the country recognized the rule of the King of Norway. In 1380 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the rule of the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained under the rule of Denmark. Since 1 Dec. 1918 it has been acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944 following a referendum favouring severance from the Danish crown.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Bureau of Iceland, Landshagir (Statistical Abstract of Iceland).—Hagtíiðindi (Monthly Statistics)Google Scholar
  2. Central Bank of Ice land. Economic Statistics Quarterly.—The Economy of Iceland. May 1994Google Scholar
  3. Horton, J. J., Iceland. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
  4. National statistical office: Statistical Bureau of Iceland, Skuggasund 3, IS-150 Reykjavík.Google Scholar
  5. National Library: Landsbókasafn Islands.—Háskólabókasafn, Reykjavik, Librarian: Einar Sigurðsson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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