Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo (People’s Republic of China)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. In the course of 1949 the Communists obtained full control of the mainland of China, and in 1950 also over most islands off the coast (but not Taiwan see below). On 1 Oct. 1949 Mao Zedong (Tse-tung) proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. For the early history of the Communist régime see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1992–93, p. 355. For the Tiananmen Square demonstration (1989) see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1994–95, p. 346. Most prominent leader during this period was sometime Party Leader Deng Xiaoping, who resigned from the Politburo in Nov. 1987 and from the chairmanship of the Military Commissions in Nov. 1989.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. State Statistical Bureau. China Statistical Yearbook Google Scholar
  2. China Directory [in Pinyin and Chinese]. Tokyo, annualGoogle Scholar
  3. The Population Atlas of China. OUP, 1988Google Scholar
  4. Bartke, W. (ed.) Who’s Who in the People’s Republic of China. 2nd ed. New York, 1986Google Scholar
  5. Baum, R., Burying Mao: Chinese Politics in the Age of Deng Xiaoping. Princeton Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  6. Blecher, M., China: Politics, Economics and Sociology. London, 1986Google Scholar
  7. Boorman, H. L. and Howard, R. C., (eds.) Biographical Dictionary of Republican China. 5 vols. Columbia Univ. Press, 1967–79Google Scholar
  8. Brugger, B. and Reglar, S., Politics, Economics and Society in Contemporary China. London, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bullard, M., China’s Political-Military Evolution. Boulder, 1985Google Scholar
  10. The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of China. 2nd ed. CUP, 1991Google Scholar
  11. The Cambridge History of China. 14 vols. CUP, 1978 ff.Google Scholar
  12. Chang, D.W., China under Deng Xiao-ping: Political and Economic Reforms. London, 1989Google Scholar
  13. Cheng, P., China. [Bibliographyl Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
  14. Cotterell, A., China: A Concise Cultural History. London, 1989Google Scholar
  15. De Crespigny, R., China this Century. 2nd ed. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  16. Deng Xiaoping, Speeches and Writings. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1987Google Scholar
  17. Dreyer, J. T., China’s Political System: Modernization and Tradition. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dietrich, C., People’s China: a Brief History. OUP, 1986Google Scholar
  19. Evans, R., Deng Xiaoping and the Making of Modern China. London, 1993Google Scholar
  20. Fairbank, J. K., The Great Chinese Revolution 1800–1985. London, 1987.—China: a New History. Harvard Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  21. Fathers, M. and Higgins, A., Tiananmen: the Rape of Peking. London and New York, 1989Google Scholar
  22. Glassman, R. M., China in Transition: Communism, Capitalism and Democracy. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  23. Goldman, M., Sowing the Seeds of Democracy in China: Political Reform in the Deng Xiaoping Era. Harvard Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  24. Goodman, D., Deng Xiaoping and the Chinese Revolution: a Political Biography. 2nd ed. London, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. and Segal, G., (eds.) China in the 90s: Crisis Management and Beyond. Oxford, 1991Google Scholar
  26. Gray, J., Rebellions and Revolutions: China from the 1800s to the 1980s. CUP, 1990Google Scholar
  27. Hinton, H. C. (ed.) The People’s Republic of China 1949–1979. 5 vols. Wilmington, 1980Google Scholar
  28. Jenner, W. J. F., The Tyranny of History: the Roots of China’s Crisis. London, 1992Google Scholar
  29. Lichtenslein, P. M., China at the Brink: the Political Economy of Reform and Retrenchment in the Post-Mao Era. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  30. Lieberthal, K. G. and Lampton, D. M. (eds.) Bureaucracy, Politics and Decision-Making in Post-Mao China. California Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  31. Lippit, V. D., The Economic Development of China. Armonk, 1987Google Scholar
  32. Loewe, M. The Pride that was China. London, 1990Google Scholar
  33. Mabbett, I., Modern China: The Mirage of Modernity. New York, 1985Google Scholar
  34. McCormick, B. L., Political Reform in Post-Mao China: Democracy and Bureaucracy in a Leninist State. California Univ. Press, 1990Google Scholar
  35. Mackerras, C. et al., China since 1978: Reform, Modernization and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. New York, 1994.Google Scholar
  36. and Yorke, A., The Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China. CUP, 1991Google Scholar
  37. Marshall, M., Organizations and Growth in Rural China. London, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Maxwell, N. and McFarlane, B. (eds.) China’s Changed Road to Development. Oxford, 1984Google Scholar
  39. Moise, E. E., Modern China: A History. London, 1986Google Scholar
  40. Moser, L. J., The Chinese Mosaic: the Peoples and Provinces of China. Boulder, Colo., 1985Google Scholar
  41. Nathan, A. J., Chinese Democracy. London, 1986:-China’s Crisis: Dilemmas of Reform and Prospects for Democracy. Columbia Univ. Press, 1990Google Scholar
  42. Nolan, P., State and Market in the Chinese Economy: Essays on Controversial Issues. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Riskin, C., China’s Political Economy: The Quest for Development since 1949. OUP, 1987Google Scholar
  44. Rodzinski, W., A History of China. Oxford, 1981–84Google Scholar
  45. Schram, S. R. (ed.) The Scope of State Power in China. London, 1985Google Scholar
  46. Sheng Hua, et al, China: from Revolution to Reform. London, 1992Google Scholar
  47. Shirk, S. L., The Political Logic of Economic Reform in China. Univ. of California Press, 1993Google Scholar
  48. Spence, J. D., The Search for Modern China. London, 1990Google Scholar
  49. White, G., (ed.) The Chinese State in the Era of Economic Reform: the Road to Crisis. London, 1991.—Riding the Tiger: the Politics of Economic Reform in Post-Mao China. London, 1993Google Scholar
  50. Womack, B. (ed.) Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective. CUP, 1992Google Scholar
  51. Young, G. (ed.) China: Dilemmas of Modernisation. London, 1985Google Scholar
  52. National statistical office: State Statistical Bureau, 38 Yuetan Nanjie, Beijing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations