República Federativa do Brasil
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Brazil was discovered on 22 April 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement. In 1815 the colony was declared a kingdom, and it was proclaimed an independent Empire in 1822. The monarchy was overthrown in 1889 and a republic declared. Following a coup in 1964 the armed forces retained overall control until civilian government was restored on 15 March 1985.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografía e Estatística. Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Censo Demográfico de 1991.—Indicadores IBGE. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil. Banco Central do Brasil. Brasilia. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Constituicão da Republica Federativa do Brazil 1988Google Scholar
  4. Baaklini, A. I., The Brazilian Legislature and Political System. London, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Bryant, S. V., Brazil [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1985Google Scholar
  6. Burns, E. B., A History of Brazil. 2nd ed. Columbia Univ. Press, 1980Google Scholar
  7. Falk, P. S. and Fleischer, D. V., Brazil’s Economic and Political Future. Boulder, 1988Google Scholar
  8. Font, M. A., Coffee, Contention and Change in the Making of Modern Brazil. Oxford, 1990Google Scholar
  9. Guirmaraes, R. P., Politics and Environment in Brazil: Ecopolitics of Development in the Third World. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  10. Lees, F. A. etal. (eds.), Banking and Financial Deepening in Brazil London, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mainwaring, S., The Catholic Church and Politics in Brazil, 1916–86. Stanford Univ. Press, 1986Google Scholar
  12. Stepan, A. (ed.) Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  13. Welch, J. H., Capital Markets in the Development Process: the Case of Brazil London, 1992Google Scholar
  14. National library: Biblioteca Nacional Avenida Rio Branco 219–39, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  15. National Statistical office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografía e Estatística (IBGE), Rua General Canabarro 666, 20.271–201 Maracana, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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