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Vatican City State

Stato delia Città del Vaticano
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. For many centuries the Popes bore temporal sway over a territory stretching across mid-Italy from sea to sea and comprising some 17,000 sq. miles, with a population finally of over 3m. In 1859–60 and 1870 the Papal States were incorporated into the Italian Kingdom. The consequent dispute between Italy and successive Popes was only settled on 11 Feb. 1929 by three treaties between the Italian Government and the Vatican: (1) A Political Treaty, which recognized the full and independent sovereignty of the Holy See in the city of the Vatican; (2) a Concordat, to regulate the condition of religion and of the Church in Italy; and (3) a Financial Convention, in accordance with which the Holy See received 750m. lire in cash and 1,000m. lire in Italian 5% state bonds. This sum was to be a definitive settlement of all the financial claims of the Holy See against Italy in consequence of the loss of its temporal power in 1870. The treaty and concordat were ratified on 7 June 1929. The treaty has been embodied in the Constitution of the Italian Republic of 1947. A revised Concordat between the Italian Republic and the Holy See was subsequently negotiated and signed in 1984, and which came into force on 3 June 1985.

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Further Reading

  1. Acta Apostolicce Sedis Romanœ. RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Anmtario Pontifieio. Rome. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. L’Attività délia Santa Sede. Rome. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Catechism of the Catholic Church. 1994Google Scholar
  5. The Catholic Almanac: Huntingdon. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  6. The Catholic Directory. London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  7. The Catholic Directory for Scotland. Glasgow. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  8. Code of Canon Law. London, 1983Google Scholar
  9. The New Catholic Encyclopaedia. New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Osservatore Romano. Vatican. Daily with weekly editions in English and other languagesGoogle Scholar
  11. Bull, G., Inside the Vatican. London, 1982Google Scholar
  12. Cardinale, I., The Holy See and the International Order. Gerrards Cross, 1976Google Scholar
  13. Mayer, F. et al, The Vatican: Portrait of a State and a Community: Dublin, 1980Google Scholar
  14. Nichols, P., The Pope’s Divisions. London, 1981Google Scholar
  15. Walsh, M. J., Vatican City State. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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