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Paraguay

República del Paraguay
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. Paraguay gained independence from Spain on 14 May 1811. In 1814 Dr José Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was elected dictator, and in 1816 perpetual dictator, by the National Assembly. He died 20 Sept. 1840. In 1844 a new constitution was adopted, under which Carlos Antonio Lopez (first elected in 1842, died 10 Sept. 1862) and his son, Francisco Solano Lopez, ruled until 1870. During the devastating war against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay (1865–70) Paraguay’s population was reduced from about 600,000 to 232,000. Argentina, in Aug. 1942, and Brazil, in May 1943, voided the reparations which Paraguay had never paid. Further severe losses were incurred during the war with Bolivia (1932–35) over territorial claims in the Chaco. A peace treaty by which Paraguay obtained most of the area her troops had conquered was signed in July 1938.

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Further Reading

  1. Guceta Official, published by Imprenta Nacional, Estrella y Estera Bellaco, AsunciónGoogle Scholar
  2. Anuario Daumas. AsunciónGoogle Scholar
  3. Anuario Estadístico de la República del Paraguay. Asunción. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Nickson, R. A., Paraguay. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1987Google Scholar
  5. National Library: Biblioteca Nacional, De la Rosidenta, Asunción.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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