Repubblika ta’ Malta
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Malta was held in turn by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Romans, and was conquered by Arabs in 870. From 1090 it was subject to the same rulers as Sicily until 1530, when it was handed over to the Knights of St John, who ruled until dispersed by Napoleon in 1798. The Maltese rose in rebellion against the French and the island was subsequently blockaded by the British aided by the Maltese from 1798 to 1800. The Maltese people freely requested the protection of the British Crown in 1802 on condition that their rights and privileges be preserved. The islands were finally annexed to the British Crown by the Treaty of Paris in 1814. On 15 April 1942, in recognition of the steadfastness and fortitude of the people of Malta during the Second World War, King George VI awarded the George Cross to the island. Malta became independent on 21 Sept. 1964 and became a republic within the Commonwealth on 13 Dec. 1974.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Office of Statistics. Statistical Abstracts of the Maltese Islands, a quarterly digest of statistics, quarterly and annual trade returns, annual vital statistics and annual publications on shipping and aviation, education, agriculture, industry, National Accounts and Balance of Payments, Economic Trends (a monthly statistical bulletin).Google Scholar
  2. Department of Information. The Malta Government Gazette, Malta Information, Economic Survey 1995, Reports on the Working of Government Departments, The Maltese Economy in Figures, 1985–1994, Business Opportunities on Malta, Acts of Parliament and Subsidiary Legislation, Laws of Malta, Budget Estimates 1995, Constitution of Malta 1992. Google Scholar
  3. Central Bank of Malta. Annual Reports. Google Scholar
  4. Chamber of Commerce (annual). Trade Directory. Google Scholar
  5. Blouet, B., The Story of Malta. London, Rev. ed. 1981Google Scholar
  6. Cremona, J. J., The Constitutional Developments of Malta under British Rule. Malta Univ. Press, 1963.—Human Rights Documentation in Malta. Malta Univ. Press, 1966Google Scholar
  7. Gerada, E. and Zuber, C., Malta: an Island Republic. Paris, 1979Google Scholar
  8. Thackrah, J. R., Malta [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1985Google Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Central Office of Statistics, Auberge d’Italie, Valletta.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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