Jumhouriya al ’Iraqia (Republic of Iraq)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century, Iraq was captured by British forces in 1916 and became in 1921 a Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate, administered by Britain. It became independent on 3 Oct. 1932 under the Hashemite Dynasty, which was overthrown on 14 July 1958 by a military coup which established a Republic under Gen. Qassim. In 1963 Qassim was overthrown and Gen. Abdul Salam Aref became President, to be succeeded in 1966 by his brother Abdul Rahman Aref. In 1968 a successful coup was mounted by the Bath Party, which brought Gen. Ahmed Al Bakr to the Presidency. His Vice-President, from 1969, Saddam Hussein, became President in a peaceful transfer of power in 1979.


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Further Reading

  1. Abdulrahman, A. J., Iraq [Bibliography], Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1984Google Scholar
  2. Al-Khalil, S., Republic of Fear: the Politics of Modern Iraq. Univ. of California Press, 1989Google Scholar
  3. Axelgrad, F. W., Iraq in Transition: A Political, Economic and Strategic Perspective. London, 1986Google Scholar
  4. Chubin, S. and Tripp, C., Iran and Iraq at War. London, 1988Google Scholar
  5. Farouk-Sluglett, M., and Sluglett, P., Iraq since 1958: from Revolution to Dictatorship. London, 1991Google Scholar
  6. Ghareeb, E., The Kurdish Question in Iraq. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1981Google Scholar
  7. Postgate, E., Iraq: International Relations and National Development. London, 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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