Hong Kong

  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Hong Kong Island and the southern tip of the Kowloon peninsula were ceded by China to Britain after the first and second Anglo-Chinese Wars by the Treaty of Nanking 1842 and the Convention of Peking 1860. Northern Kowloon was leased to Britain for 99 years by China in 1898. Since then, Hong Kong has been under British administration, except from Dec. 1941 to Aug. 1945 during the Japanese occupation. Talks began in Sept. 1982 between Britain and China over the future of Hong Kong after the lease expiry in 1997. On 19 Dec. 1984, the two countries signed a joint declaration whereby China would recover sovereignty over Hong Kong (comprising Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories) from 1 July 1997 and establish it as a Special Administrative Region where the existing social and economic systems, and the present life-style, would remain unchanged for another 50 years. This ‘one country, two systems’ principle was embodied in the Basic Law of 1990, and allows Hong Kong after 1997 to keep control of its external economic relations, to remain a separate customs area and retain the status of an international financial centre, with foreign exchange markets and a convertible currency. Hong Kong will also retain a legislature and judiciary.


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Further Reading

  1. The Hong Kong Trade Development Council, Convention Plaza, Tower Rd, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, issues a monthly Hong Kong Enterprise and other publications.Google Scholar
  2. Hong Kong 1989 . Hong Kong Government Press, 1989Google Scholar
  3. Beazer, W. F., The Commercial Future of Hong Kong. New York, 1978Google Scholar
  4. Benton, G., The Hong Kong Crisis. London, 1983Google Scholar
  5. Bonavia, D. Hong Kong 1997. London, 1984Google Scholar
  6. Cheng, J. Y. S. (ed.) Hong Kong: In Search of a Future. OUP, 1984Google Scholar
  7. Chill, H., et al (eds.) The Future of Hong Kong: Toward 1997 and Beyond. Westport, 1987Google Scholar
  8. Endacott, G. B., A History of Hong Kong. 2nd ed. OUP, 1973.-Government and People in Hong Kong. 1841–1962. A Constitutional History. OUP, 1965Google Scholar
  9. Hopkins, K., Hong Kong: The Industrial Colony. OUP, 1971Google Scholar
  10. Morris, J., Hong Kong: Xianggang. London, 1988Google Scholar
  11. Patrikeeff, F., Mouldering Pearl: Hong Kong at the Crossroads. London, 1989Google Scholar
  12. Scott, I., Hong Kong: [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1990Google Scholar
  13. Tregear, E. R., Land Use in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Univ. Press, 1958.—Hong Kong Gazetteer. Hong Kong Univ. Press, 1958.—The Development of Hong Kong as Told in Maps. Hong Kong Univ. Press, 1959Google Scholar
  14. Wacks, R., Civil Liberties in Hong Kong. OUP, 1988Google Scholar
  15. Wilson, D., Hong Kong, Hong Kong. London, 1991Google Scholar
  16. Youngson, A. J., Hong Kong: Economic Growth and Policy. OUP, 1982Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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