Bügd Nayramdakh Mongol Ard Uls (Mongolian People’s Republic)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Outer Mongolia was a Chinese province from 1691 to 1911, an autonomous state under Russian protection from 1912 to 1919 and again a Chinese province from 1919 to 1921. On 13 March 1921 a Provisional People’s Government was established which declared the independence of Mongolia and on 5 Nov. 1921 signed a treaty with Soviet Russia annulling all previous unequal treaties and establishing friendly relations. On 26 Nov. 1924 the Government proclaimed the country the Mongolian People’s Republic.


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Further Reading

  1. The Central Statistical Office: National Economy of the MPR, 1924–1984: Anniversary Statistical Collection. Ulan Bator, 1984Google Scholar
  2. Bawden, C. R., The Modern Histoty of Mongolia. London, 1968Google Scholar
  3. Boberg, F., Mongolian-English, English-Mongolian Dictionary. 3 vols. Stockholm, 1954–55Google Scholar
  4. Butler, W. E., (ed.) The Mongolian Legal System: Contemporary Legislation and Documentation. The Hague, 1982Google Scholar
  5. Haltod, M. (ed.) Mongolian-English Dictionary. Berkeley, Cal., 1961Google Scholar
  6. Jagchid, S. and Hyer, P., Mongolia’s Culture and Society. Folkestone, 1979Google Scholar
  7. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars. OUP, 1963Google Scholar
  8. Lörinc, L., Histoire de la Mongolie des Origines à nos Jours. Budapest, 1984Google Scholar
  9. News from Mongolia. Ulan Bator, fortnightly, Jan. 1980Google Scholar
  10. Rupen, R. A., How Mongolia is Really Ruled: A Political History of the Mongolian People’s Republic, 1900–1978. Stanford, 1979Google Scholar
  11. Sanders, A. J. K., The People’s Republic of Mongolia: A General Reference Guide. OUP, 1968.—Mongolia: Politics, Economics and Society. London, 1987Google Scholar
  12. Shirendev, B. and Sanjdorj, M. (eds.) History of the Mongolian People’s Republic. Vol. 3 (vols. 1 and 2 not translated). Harvard Univ. Press, 1976Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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