• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Although Spain has traditionally been a monarchy there have been two Republics, the first in 1873, which lasted for 11 months, and the second 1931–39; both were democratically and peacefully proclaimed. Part of the army rebelled against the republican government on 18 July 1936, thus beginning the Spanish Civil War, see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1939, pp. 1325–26. The new regime was led by Gen. Franco, who had been proclaimed Head of State and Government in 1936, and its institutions were based on single party rule, with the Falange as the only legal political organization.


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Further Reading

  1. Bell, D. (ed.) Democratic Politics in Spain: Spanish Politics after Franco. London, 1983Google Scholar
  2. Carr, R., Modern Spain, 1875–1980. OUP, 1980Google Scholar
  3. Collins, R., The Basques. Oxford, 1986Google Scholar
  4. Donaghy, P. J. and Newton, M. T., Spain: A Guide to Political and Economic Institutions. CUP, 1987Google Scholar
  5. Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada. 70vols., l0 appendices, 10 supplements. MadridGoogle Scholar
  6. Gunther, R. (et al) Spain after Franco: The Making of a Competitive Party System. Univ. of California Press, 1986Google Scholar
  7. Harrison, J., The Spanish Economy in the Twentieth Century. London, 1985Google Scholar
  8. Hooper, J., The Spaniards: A Portrait of The New Spain. London, 1986Google Scholar
  9. Preston, P., The Triumph of Democracy in Spain. London and New York, 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Shields, G. J., Spain. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1985Google Scholar
  11. National Library: Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid.Google Scholar
  12. Hodges, T., Western Sahara: The Roots of a Desert War. London and Westport, 1984Google Scholar
  13. Sipe, L. F., Western Sahara: A Comprehensive Bibliography. New York, 1984Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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