Republic of South Africa

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Union of South Africa was formed in 1910 and comprised the former self-governing British colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, the Transvaal and the Orange Free State.

Republiek van Suid-Afrika


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information: The Bureau (formerly Office) of Census and Statistics (Schoeman St., Pretoria)Google Scholar
  2. The Customs and Excise Office, Pretoria, publishes Monthly Abstract of Trade Statistics (from 1946) and Trade and Shipping of the Union of South Africa (annually, 1910–55); Foreign Trade Statistics (annually, from 1956)Google Scholar
  3. Benson, M. Nelson Mandela: The Man and the Movement. New York, 1986Google Scholar
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  17. Namibia Information Services, Namibia: The Economy. Windhoek, 1987Google Scholar
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  33. South Georgia and South Sandwich IslandsGoogle Scholar
  34. South Georgia was probably first sighted by a London merchant, Antonio de la Roche, and then in 1756 by a Spanish Captain, Gregorie Jerez. The first landing and exploration was undertaken by Captain James Cook, who formally took possession in the name of George III on 17 Jan. 1775. British sealers arrived in 1788 and American sealers in 1791. Sealing reached its peak in 1800. A German team was the first to carry out scientific studies there in 1882–83. Whaling began in 1904 when the Compania Argentina de Pesca formed by C. A. Larsen, a Norwegian, established a station at Grytviken. Six other stations were established up to 1912. Whaling ceased in 1966 and the civil administration was withdrawn. Argentine forces invaded South Georgia on 3 April 1982. A British naval task force recovered the Island on 25 April 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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