• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Mauritius was known to Arab navigators probably not later than the 10th century. It was probably visited by Malays in the 15th century, and was discovered by the Portuguese between 1507 and 1512, but the Dutch were the first settlers (1598). In 1710 they abandoned the island, which was occupied by the French under the name of Ile de France (1715). The British occupied the island in 1810, and it was formally ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris, 1814. Mauritius attained independence on 12 March 1968. In 1965 the Chagos Archipelago was transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory.


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Books of Reference

  1. Buckory, S., Our Constitution. Port Louis, 1971.—An Outline of Local Government. Port Louis, 1970Google Scholar
  2. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Fruits of Political and Social Democracy.—Mauritius Facts and Figures 1980 Google Scholar
  3. Simmons, A.S., Modern Mauritius: The Politics of Decolonization. Indiana Univ. Press, 1982Google Scholar
  4. Société de l’Histoire de l’Ile Maurice. Dictionnaire de biographie mauricienne. Port Louis, 1967Google Scholar
  5. Toussaint A., History of Mauritius. London, 1978Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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