Part of the Ottoman Empire from 1517 until Dec. 1914 when it became a British protectorate, Egypt became an independent monarchy on 28 Feb. 1922. Following a revolution on 23 July 1952, a Republic was proclaimed on 18 June 1953. Egypt merged with Syria on 22 Feb. 1958 to form the United Arab Republic, retaining that name when Syria broke away from the union on 28 Sept. 1961, finally re-adopting the name of Egypt on 2 Sept. 1971.
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information: The Department of Statistics and Census (15, Sharia Mansour, Cairo) was formed in 1905. Chief: Under-Secretary of State for Statistical Affairs, Dr Hasan M. Husein. Previously, various government departments had their own statistical sections. Estimates of population were made in 1800, 1821 and 1846; the first census took place in 1873. Among the publications of the Department are the following: Annuaire Statistique (Arabic and French). Annual Return of Shipping (Arabic and English). Monthly Summary and Annual Statement of Foreign Trade (Arabic and English). Monthly Bulletin of Agriculture and Economic Statistics (Arabic and English). Vital Statistics (Arabic and English). Statistical Pocket Year-Book (Arabic and English).Google Scholar
- The Egyptian Almanac. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Le Mondain Egyptien (Who’s Who). Cairo. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Cooper, M. N., The Transformation of Egypt. London, 1982Google Scholar
- Dawisha, A. I., Egypt in the Arab World. London, 1976Google Scholar
- Elias, E. A., Modern Dictionary English-Arabic. 5th ed. Cairo, 1946Google Scholar
- Hansen, B., and Radwan, S., Employment Opportunities and Equity in Egypt. Geneva, 1982Google Scholar
- Heikal, M., Autumn of Fury: Assassination of Sadat. London, 1983Google Scholar
- Hirst, D., and Beeson, I., Sadat. London, 1981Google Scholar
- Vatikiotis, P. J., The History of Egypt: From Muhammad Ali to Sadat. 2nd ed. London, 1980Google Scholar