A revolution, inspired by the USA, led to the separation of Panama from the United States of Colombia and the declaration of its independence on 3 Nov. 1903. The de facto Government was on 13 Nov. recognized by the USA, and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This treaty was ratified by the USA and Colombia in 1921, and on 8 May 1924 diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established. On 10 Oct. 1979 Panama assumed sovereignty over what was previously known as the Panama Canal Zone and now called the Canal Area.
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information: The Comptroller-General of the Republic (Contraloria General de la República, Calle 35 y Avenida 6, Panama City) publishes an annual report and other statistical publications.Google Scholar
- Jorden, W. J., Panama Odyssey. Univ. of Texas Press, 1984Google Scholar
- Langstaff, E. DeS., Panama. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara 1982Google Scholar
- Ropp, S. C., Panamanian Politics. New York, 1982Google Scholar
- National Library: Biblioteca Nacional, Departamento de Información. Calle 22, Panama.Google Scholar