Vatican City State

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


For many centuries the Popes bore temporal sway over a territory stretching across mid-Italy from sea to sea and comprising some 17,000 sq. miles, with a population finally of over 3m. In 1859–60 and 1870 the Papal States were incorporated with the Italian Kingdom. The consequent dispute between Italy and successive Popes was only settled on 11 Feb. 1929 by three treaties between the Italian Government and the Vatican: (1) A Political Treaty, which recognized the full and independent sovereignty of the Holy See in the city of the Vatican; (2) a Concordat, to regulate the condition of religion and of the Church in Italy; and (3) a Financial Convention, in accordance with which the Holy See received 750m. lire in cash and 1,000m. lire in Italian 5% state bonds. This sum was to be a definitive settlement of all the financial claims of the Holy See against Italy in consequence of the loss of its temporal power in 1870. The treaty and concordat were ratified on 7 June 1929. The treaty has been embodied in the Constitution of the Italian Republic of 1947. A revised Concordat between the Italian Republic and the Holy See was signed on 18 Feb. 1984 and on its ratification, the 1929 Concordat will lapse.

Stato della Città del Vaticano


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Acta Apostolicœ Sedis Romana. RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Annuario Pontificio. Rome. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. L’Attivià della Santa Sede. Rome. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. The Catholic Directory. London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  5. Code of Canon Law. London. 1983Google Scholar
  6. The Catholic Directory for Scotland. Glasgow. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  7. Bilan du Monde: Encyclopédie catholique du monde chrétien. Tournai. 1964Google Scholar
  8. Cardinale, Mgr. Igino, Le Saint-Siège et la diplomatie. Paris and Rome, 1962.— The Holy See and the International Order. Gerrards Cross. 1976Google Scholar
  9. Hales, E. E., The Catholic Church and the Modern World. London. 1958Google Scholar
  10. Mayer, F. et al. The Vatican: Portrait of a State and a Community. Dublin. 1980Google Scholar
  11. Nichols, P., The Politics of the Vatican. London. 1968Google Scholar
  12. Pallenborg, C., Vatican Finances. Harmondsworth. 1971Google Scholar
  13. Walsh, M.J., Vatican City State. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara. 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations