al Jumhouriya al ‘Iraqia
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century, Iraq was captured by British forces in 1916 and became in 1921 a Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate, administered by Britain. It became independent on 3 Oct. 1932 under the Hashemite Dynasty, which was overthrown on 14 July 1958 by a military coup which established a Republic, controlled by a military-led Council of Sovereignty. The republican régime terminated the adherence of Iraq to the Arab Federation (see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1958, p. 806).


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Books of Reference

  1. Arfa, H., The Kurds. OUP, 1966Google Scholar
  2. Ghareeb, E., The Kurdish Question in Iraq. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1981Google Scholar
  3. Khadduri, M., Independent Iraq. OUP, 1960.—Republican Iraq. OUP, 1970.—Socialist Iraq: A Study of Iraqi Politics since 1968. OUP, 1978Google Scholar
  4. Langley, K. M., The Industrialization of Iraq. Harvard Univ. Press, 1961Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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