HISTORY. Part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century, Iraq was captured by British forces in 1916 and became in 1921 a Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate, administered by Britain. It became independent on 3 Oct. 1932 under the Hashemite Dynasty, which was overthrown on 14 July 1958 by a military coup which established a Republic, controlled by a military-led Council of Sovereignty. The republican régime terminated the adherence of Iraq to the Arab Federation (see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1958, p. 806).
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Books of Reference
- Arfa, H., The Kurds. OUP, 1966Google Scholar
- Ghareeb, E., The Kurdish Question in Iraq. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1981Google Scholar
- Khadduri, M., Independent Iraq. OUP, 1960.—Republican Iraq. OUP, 1970.—Socialist Iraq: A Study of Iraqi Politics since 1968. OUP, 1978Google Scholar
- Langley, K. M., The Industrialization of Iraq. Harvard Univ. Press, 1961Google Scholar