HISTORY. A revolution, inspired by the USA, led to the separation of Panama from the United States of Colombia and the declaration of its independence on 3 Nov. 1903. The de facto Government was on 13 Nov. recognized by the USA, and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This treaty was ratified by the USA and Colombia in 1921, and on 8 May 1924 diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established. On 10 Oct. 1979 Panama assumed sovereignty over what was previously known as the Panama Canal Zone and now called the Canal Area.
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Books of Reference
- Fiscal Survey of Panamá. Johns Hopkins Press, 1964Google Scholar
- Biesanz, J. M., The People of Panama. Columbia Univ. Press, 1955Google Scholar
- Castillero, Ernesto J., Historia de Panama. 5th ed. Panama City, 1965Google Scholar
- Howarth, D., The Golden Isthmus. London, 1966Google Scholar
- Larsen, H. and M., The Forests of Panama. London, 1964Google Scholar
- Susto, J. A., An Introduction to Panamanian Bibliography (Publications of the National Library, No. 4). Panama, 1946Google Scholar
- National Library: Biblioteca Nacional, Departamento de Informaciôn. Calle 22, Panama.Google Scholar