Mongolian People’s Republic

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Outer Mongolia was a Chinese province from 1691 to 1911, an autonomous state under Russian protection from 1912 to 1919 and again a Chinese province from 1919 to 1921. On 13 March 1921 a Provisional People’s Government was established which declared the independence of Mongolia and on 5 Nov. 1921 signed a treaty with Soviet Russia annulling all previous unequal treaties and establishing friendly relations. On 26 Nov. 1924 the Government proclaimed the country the Mongolian People’s Republic.

Bügd Nayramdakh Mongol Ard Uls


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Books of Reference

  1. The Central Statistical Office: Economic Statistics of the MPR for 40 Years. 1961. -40 Years of the MPR Revolution. 1961.—National Economy MPR 1973, 1974Google Scholar
  2. Bawden, C. R., The Modern History of Mongolia. London, 1968Google Scholar
  3. Boberg, F., Mongolian English, English-Mongolian Dictionary. 3 vols. Stockholm, 1954–55Google Scholar
  4. Haltod, M. (ed.). Mongolian English Dictionary. Berkeley, Cal., 1961Google Scholar
  5. Jagchid, S., and Hyer, P. Mongolia’s Culture and Society. Folkstone, 1979Google Scholar
  6. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars. OUP. 1963Google Scholar
  7. Petrov, V. P., Mongolia: A Profile. London, 1971Google Scholar
  8. Rupen, R. A., How Mongolia is Really Ruled: A Political History of the Mongolian People’s Republic, 1900–1978. Stanford, 1979’Google Scholar
  9. Sanders, A. J. K., The People’s Republic of Mongolia: A General Reference Guide. OUP, 1968Google Scholar
  10. Shirendev, B., and Sanjdorj, M. (eds.). History of the Mongolian People’s Republic. Vol. 3 (vols. 1 and 2 not translated). Harvard Univ. Press, 1976Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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