Narodna Republika Bulgaria
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Bulgarian state was founded in 681, but fell under Turkish rule in 1396. By the Treaty of Berlin, which followed the Russo-Turkish war of 1878, the Principality of Bulgaria and the Autonomous Province of Eastern Rumelia, both under Turkish suzerainty, were constituted. In 1885 Rumelia was reunited with Bulgaria. On 5 Oct. 1908 Bulgaria declared her independence of Turkey. Rulers: Prince Alexander I of Battenberg, 1879–86; Prince (after 1908, Tsar) Ferdinand, 1887–1918 (abdicated); Tsar Boris III, 1918–43; Tsar Simeon II, lost his throne as a result of a referendum held on 8 Sept. 1946 (3,801,160 votes for a republic, 197,176 for the monarchy, 119, 168 invalid).


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Books of Reference

  1. Kratka Bǔlgarska Entsiklopediia (Short Bulgarian Encyclopaedia), 5 vols. Sofia, 1963–69Google Scholar
  2. Statisticheski Godishnik (Statistical Yearbook). Sofia from 1956Google Scholar
  3. Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria. Sofia, 1971Google Scholar
  4. Atanasova, T., et al., Bulgarian-English Dictionary Sofia, 1975Google Scholar
  5. Brown, J. F., Bulgaria under Communist Rule London, 1970Google Scholar
  6. Dobrin, B., Bulgarian Economic Development Since World War II New York, 1973Google Scholar
  7. Feiwel, G. R., Growth and Reforms in Centrally Planned Economies: the Lessons of the Bulgarian Experience New York, 1977Google Scholar
  8. Markov, M., System of Social Administration in Bulgaria Sofia, 1969Google Scholar
  9. Oren, N., Communism Administered: Agrarianism and Communism in Bulgaria Baltimore, 1973Google Scholar
  10. Pundeff, M. V., Bulgaria: A Bibliographic Guide Library of Congress, 1965Google Scholar
  11. Spasov, B., La Bulgarie Paris, 1973Google Scholar
  12. Todorov, N., and others, Bulgaria: Historical and Geographical Outline. Sofia, 1965Google Scholar
  13. Zhivkov, T., Modern Bulgaria: Problems and Tasks in Building an Advanced Socialist Society New York, 1974Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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