• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. The Bulgarian state was founded in 681, but fell under Turkish rule in 1396. By the Treaty of Berlin, which followed the Russo-Turkish war of 1878, the Principality of Bulgaria and the Autonomous Province of Eastern Rumelia, both under Turkish suzerainty, were constituted. In 1885 Rumelia was reunited with Bulgaria. On 5 Oct. 1908 Bulgaria declared her independence of Turkey. Rulers: Prince Alexander I of Battenberg, 1879–86; Prince (after 1908, Tsar) Ferdinand, 1887–1918 (abdicated); Tsar Boris III, 1918–43; Tsar Simeon II, lost his throne as a result of a referendum held on 8 Sept. 1946 (3,801,160 votes for a republic, 197,176 for the monarchy, 119,168 invalid).

Narodna Republika Bulgaria


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Books of Reference

  1. Kratka Bǔlgarska Entsiklopediya (Short Bulgarian Encyclopaedia). 5 vols. Sofia, 1963–69Google Scholar
  2. Statisticheski Godishnik (Statistical Yearbook). Sofia from 1956Google Scholar
  3. Guide Book to Bulgaria. Sofia, 1965Google Scholar
  4. Brown, J. F., Bulgaria under Communist Rule. London, 1970Google Scholar
  5. Chakalov, G. (ed.), Bǔlgaro-angliiski rechnik (Bulgarian-English Dictionary). Sofia, 1961Google Scholar
  6. Dobrin, B., Bulgarian Economic Development Since World War II. New York, 1973Google Scholar
  7. Markov, M., System of Social Administration in Bulgaria. Sofia, 1969Google Scholar
  8. Oren, N., Communism Administered: Agrarianism and Communism in Bulgaria. Baltimore, 1973Google Scholar
  9. The Nagel Encyclopaedia-Guide to Bulgaria. London, 1968Google Scholar
  10. Pundeff, M. V., Bulgaria: a Bibliographic Guide, Library of Congress, 1965Google Scholar
  11. Spasov, B., La Bulgarie. Paris, 1973Google Scholar
  12. Todorov, N., and others. Bulgaria: Historical and Geographical Outline. Sofia, 1965Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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