Pitcairn Island

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Pitcairn Island (1–75 sq. miles; 4–6 sq. km) is situated in the Pacific Ocean, nearly equidistant from New Zealand and Panama (25° 04’ S. lat., 130° 06’ W. long.). It was discovered by Carteret in 1767, but remained uninhabited unti 1790, when it was occupied by 9 mutineers of HMS Bounty, with 12 women and 6 men from Tahiti. Nothing was known of their existence until the island was visited in 1808. In 1856 the population having become too large for the island’s resources, the inhabitants (194 in number) were, at their own request, removed to Norfolk Island; but 43 of them returned in 1859–64. The population has been declining and on 31 Dec. 1973 it was 74.

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations