The Commonwealth of Australia

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. On 1 Jan. 1901 New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania were federated under the name of the ‘Commonwealth of Australia’, the designation of ‘colonies’ being at the same time changed into that of ‘states’—except in the case of Northern Territory, which was transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’ on 1 Jan. 1911.


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical information. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (Treasury Building, Canberra, A.C.T., 2600) was established in 1906. All the activities of the Bureau are covered by the Census and Statistics Act, which confers authority to collect information and contains secrecy provisions to ensure that individual particulars obtained are not divulged. Under the provisions of the Statistics (Arrangements with States) Act which became law on 12 May 1956, the statistical services of all the States have been integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau. An outline of the development of statistics in Australia is published in the Official Year Boo., No. 51 1965. Commonwealth Statistician. J. P. O’Neill.Google Scholar
  2. The principal publications of the Bureau are:Google Scholar
  3. Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1907 to dateGoogle Scholar
  4. Pocket Compendium of Australian Statistics. 1913 to dateGoogle Scholar
  5. Quarterly Summary of Australian Statistics. Dec. 1917 to dateGoogle Scholar
  6. Monthly Review of Business Statistics. Oct. 1937 to dateGoogle Scholar
  7. Digest of Current Statistics. Aug. 1959 to dateGoogle Scholar
  8. Special Publications:Google Scholar
  9. Censu.—Detailed Tables and Statistician’s Report. 1911–66.—1971 Preliminary Table.Google Scholar
  10. Australian Life Tables. 1881–90 to 1960–62Google Scholar
  11. Australian Balance of Payments. 1928–29 to 1951–52Google Scholar
  12. Annual printed bulletins are listed under specified subjects.Google Scholar

Other Official Publications

  1. Atlas of Australian Resources. Dept. of National Development, Melbourne, 1955 ff.Google Scholar
  2. Climatological Atlas of Australia. Bureau of Meteorology. Melbourne, 1940Google Scholar
  3. Norfolk Islan.—Annual Report. Government of New South Wales and Commonwealth of Australia. From 1896Google Scholar
  4. Cocos (Keeling) Island.—Annual Report. Department of External Territories, Canberra. From 1955Google Scholar
  5. Christmas Islan.—Annual Report. Department of External Territories, Canberra. From 1958Google Scholar
  6. Australian books: select list of works about or published in Australia. National Library of Australia. Canberra, 1934 to dateGoogle Scholar
  7. Australian national bibliography. Canberra, 1936 to dateGoogle Scholar
  8. Historical Records of Australia. 34 vols. National Library, Canberra, 1914–25Google Scholar
  9. Australia: official handbook. Dept. of the Interior, Canberra, 1961 to dateGoogle Scholar
  10. Current Notes on International Affairs. Dept. of Foreign Affairs, Canberra, 1936 to dateGoogle Scholar

Non-Official Publications

  1. Australian Quarterly: a Quarterly Review of Australian Affairs. Sydney, 1929 to dateGoogle Scholar
  2. Australian National Travel Association. Australian Tourist Guide. Melbourne, 1960Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, V. S. (ed.), The modern encyclopedia of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney, 1965Google Scholar
  4. Casey, R. G., Lord, Friends and Neighbours. Melbourne, 1954Google Scholar
  5. Chisholm, A. H. (ed.), Australian Encyclopedia. 10 vols. Sydney, 1962Google Scholar
  6. Clark, C. M. H. (ed.), Select Documents in Australian History, 1788–1900. 2 vols. Sydney, 1950–55Google Scholar
  7. Eggleston, Sir Frederic, Reflections on Australian Foreign Policy. Melbourne, 1957Google Scholar
  8. Ferguson, Sir John, Bibliography of Australia, 1784–1850. 4 vols. Sydney, 1941–55; vol. 5 (1851–1900), Part 1, 1963. Parts 2 and 3 in preparationGoogle Scholar
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  14. Noble, N. S. (ed.), The Australian Environment. 3rd ed. Melbourne, 1960Google Scholar
  15. Pike, D., Australia—the quiet continent. CUP, 1961Google Scholar
  16. Ratcliffe, F. N., Flying Fox and Drifting Sand. Sydney, 1963Google Scholar
  17. Serie, P., Dictionary of Australian Biography. 2 vols. Sydney, 1949Google Scholar
  18. Spate, O. H. K., Australia. London, 1968Google Scholar
  19. Taylor, T. G., Australia: A Study of Warm Environments and their Effect on British Settlement. 7th ed. London, 1959Google Scholar
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  23. National Capital Development Commission, Canberra, Tomorrow’s Canberra. 1970Google Scholar
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  25. Wigmore, L., The Long View: a history of Australia’s national capital. Melbourne, 1963Google Scholar
  26. The Territory of Papua. Annual Repor., Commonwealth of Australia. 1906–1940–41 and from 1945–46Google Scholar
  27. The Territory of New Guinea. Annual Report. Commonwealth of Australia. 1914–1940–41 and from 1946–47Google Scholar
  28. Report on New Guinea. UN visiting missions to … Nauru and New Guinea. New York, 1962Google Scholar
  29. International Bank, The economic development of the territory of Papua and New Guinea. Johns Hopkins Press and CUP, 1965Google Scholar
  30. Bettison, D. G., and others, Independence of Papua-New Guinea. Sydney, 1962.—The Papua-New Guinea Elections 1964. Canberra, 1966Google Scholar
  31. Essal, B., Papua and New Guinea. Melbourne, 1961Google Scholar
  32. Hasluck, P. M. C., The Economic Development of Papua-New Guinea. Canberra, 1962Google Scholar
  33. Robson, R. W. (ed.), Handbook of Papua and New Guinea. Rev. ed. Sydney, 1961Google Scholar
  34. Ryan, J., The Hot Land. London, 1970Google Scholar
  35. Simpson, C., Plumes and Arrows Inside New Guinea. Sydney, 1962Google Scholar
  36. Wilkes, J., (ed.), New Guinea and Australia. Austral Inst, of Political Science, 1959Google Scholar
  37. Statistical Information The NSW Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1886, and in 1957 was integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician of NSW. R. G. Walker. Its principal publications are:Google Scholar
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  41. New South Wales Statistical Bulleti. (quarterly). Published since 1905 (except 1943–48Google Scholar
  42. Monthly Summary of Business Statistics. Published since May 1931Google Scholar
  43. New South Wales Dept. of Tourism, Facts about New South Wales. Sydney, 1970Google Scholar
  44. State Planning Authority, Sydney Region: Prelude to a Plan. Sydney, 1967.Google Scholar
  45. State Planning Authority, Sydney Region: Outline Plan. Sydney, 1968Google Scholar
  46. Sydney City Council, The City of Sydney: Official Guide. Sydney, 1971Google Scholar
  47. State Library The Public Library of NSW, Macquarie St., Sydney. Principal Librarian. G. D. Richardson, MA.Google Scholar
  48. Statistical Information. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (Commonwealth Banks Building, corner of Elizabeth and Flinders Streets, Melbourne, 3000). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statist. V. H. Arnold, FIA.Google Scholar
  49. Victorian Year Boo., (Annually since 1873)Google Scholar
  50. Victorian Pocket Year Book. (Annually since 1956)Google Scholar
  51. Victorian Statistical Register. (Annually from 1854 to 1916)Google Scholar
  52. Quarterly Abstract of Statistics. (Feb. 1947-March 1958)Google Scholar
  53. Victorian Monthly Statistical Revie. (from Jan. 1960)Google Scholar
  54. Victoria: The First Century. Official History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  55. Leeper, G. W. (ed.), Introducing Victoria. Melbourne, 1955Google Scholar
  56. Pratt, A., The Centenary History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  57. Saunders, D. (ed.), Historic Buildings of Victoria. Melbourne, 1966Google Scholar
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  59. Statistical Information. The Statistical Office (320–330 Adelaide St., Brisbane) was set up in 1859. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician. F. W. Sayer, A Queensland Official Year Boo. was issued in 1901, the annual ABC of Queensland Statistic. from 1905 to 1936 with exception of 1918 and 1922. Present publications include : Queensland Year Book. Annual, from 1937 (omitting 1942, 1943, 1944).—Queensland Pocket Year Book. Annual, from 1950.—Statistics of Queensland. Annual, from 1859.—Monthly Summary of Queensland Statistics. From Jan. 1961Google Scholar
  60. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Introducing Queensland. Brisbane, 1961Google Scholar
  61. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, The Queensland Agricultural and Pastoral Handbook. . vols. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  62. Australian Sugar Year Book. Brisbane, from 1941Google Scholar
  63. Bolton, G. C., A thousand miles away! a history of North Queensland to 1920. Brisbane, 1963Google Scholar
  64. Cilento, R., and Lack, C., Triumph in the Tropics. Brisbane, 1959Google Scholar
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  66. Greenwood, R. H., Queensland, City, Coast and Country. London, 1959Google Scholar
  67. Lack, C., Queensland, Daughter of the Sun. Brisbane, 1959.—Three Decades of Queensland Political History. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  68. State library. The Public Library of Queensland, William St., Brisbane. State Librarian. S. L. Ryan.Google Scholar
  69. Statistical Information. The State branch of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics is in Prudential Building, 195 North Terrace, Adelaide (GPO Box 1433J). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician. D. L. J. Aitchison. Although the first printed statistical publication was the Statistics of South Australia, 185. with the title altered to Statistical Registe. in 1859, there is a written volume for each year back to 1838. These contain simple records of trade, demography, production, etc. and were prepared only for the use of the Colonial office; one copy was retained in the State.Google Scholar
  70. The publications of the State branch include the South Australian Year Boo., the Pocket Year Book of South Australi. and the Statistical Registe. (annual), a printed Quarterly Abstrac. and a duplicated Monthly Summary of Statistic., a duplicated quarterly bulletin of building constructions, duplicated quarterly bulletins of trade statistics and approximately 25 special duplicated bulletins issued each year as particulars of various sections of statistics become available.Google Scholar
  71. Best, R. J. (ed.), Introducing South Australia. Cambridge, 1959Google Scholar
  72. Centenary History of South Australia. Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. Adelaide, 1936Google Scholar
  73. Crowley, F. K., South Australian History: A Survey for Research Students. Adelaide, 1965Google Scholar
  74. Finlayson, H. H., The Red Centre: Man and Beast in the Heart of Australia. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1952Google Scholar
  75. Gibbs, R. M., A History of South Australia. Adelaide, 1969Google Scholar
  76. Madigan, C. T., Central Australia. 2nd ed. Melbourne, 1944Google Scholar
  77. Mincham, H., The Story of the Flinders Ranges. Rev. ed. Adelaide, 1965Google Scholar
  78. State library. The State Library of S.A., North Terrace, Adelaide. State Librarian. R. K. Olding, B. Ec., F.L.A.A.Google Scholar
  79. Statistical Information. The State Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1897 and now functions as the Western Australian Office of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (1–3 St George’s Tce, Perth). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician. W. M. Bartlett. Its principal publications are: Statistical Register of Western Australi. (annual, from 1896 to 1967–68). Statistics of Western Australi. (annual from 1968–69). Western Australian Year Boo. (new series, from 1957). Western Australian Pocket Year Boo. (from 1919). Quarterly Statistical Abstrac. (from 1917). Abstract of Statistics of Local Government Area. (annual, from 1960).Google Scholar
  80. Crowley, F. K., A Short History of Western Australia. Melbourne, 1959.—Australians Western Third. London, 1960Google Scholar
  81. Crowley, F. K., and De Garis, B. K., A Short History of Western Australia. Melbourne, 1969Google Scholar
  82. Gentilli, J., Atlas of Western Australian Agriculture. Perth, 1941Google Scholar
  83. Kerr, Alex, The South-West Region of Western Australia. Perth, 1965.—Australia’s North-West. Perth, 1967Google Scholar
  84. Stephenson, G., and Hepburn, J. A., Plan for the Metropolitan Region: Perth and Fremantle. Perth, 1955Google Scholar
  85. State library. The State Library of Western Australia, Perth. State Librarian. F. A. Sharr, BA, FLA.Google Scholar
  86. Statistical Information. The State Government Statistical Office (Kirksway House, Kirksway P1., Hobart), established in 1877, became in 1924 the Tasmanian Office of the CommonwealthGoogle Scholar
  87. Bureau of Census and Statistics, but continues to serve State statistical needs as required. Deput.Google Scholar
  88. Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician. R. Lakin.Google Scholar
  89. Main publications: Statistics of the State of Tasmania. Annual (from 1822).—Pocket Year Book of Tasmania. Annual (from 1913).—Tasmanian Year Book. Annual (from 1967).—Monthly Summary of Statistic. (from July 1945)Google Scholar
  90. Clark, C. J., The Parliament of Tasmania. Hobart, 1947Google Scholar
  91. Davies, J. L. (ed.), Atlas of Tasmania. Hobart, 1965Google Scholar
  92. Green, F. C. (ed.), A Century of Responsible Government. Hobart, 1956Google Scholar
  93. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac. Hobart and London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  94. Wettenhall, R. L., A Guide to Tasmanian Government Administration. Hobart, 1968Google Scholar
  95. State library. The State Library of Tasmania, Hobart. Librarian. A. E. Browning, B.Ec. FLA, ALAA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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