The Commonwealth of Australia

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 1 Jan. 1901 New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania were federated under the name of the ‘Commonwealth of Australia’, the designation of ‘colonies’ being at the same time changed into that of ‘states ’—except in the case of Northern Territory, which was transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’ on 1 Jan. 1911.


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (Treasury Building, Canberra, A.C.T., 2600) was established in 1906. All the activities of the Bureau are covered by the Census and Statistics Act, which confers authority to collect information and contains secrecy provisions to ensure that individual particulars obtained are not divulged. Under the provisions of the Statistics (Arrangements with States) Act which became law on 12 May 1956, the statistical services of all the States have been integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau. An outline of the development of statistics in Australia is published in the Official Year Book, No. 51. 1965. Acting Commonwealth Statistician: J. P. O’Neill.Google Scholar
  2. The principal publications of the Bureau are:Google Scholar
  3. Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1907 to dateGoogle Scholar
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  69. Heard and McDonald Islands. These islands, about 2,500 miles south-west of Fremantle, were transferred from UK to Australian control as from 26 Dec. 1947. Heard Island is about 27 miles long and 13 miles wide; Shag Island is about 5 miles north of Heard. The McDonald Islands are 26 miles to the west of Heard. The laws of the Australian Capital Territory were declared to be in force in the Territory by the Heard and McDonald Islands Act, 1953.Google Scholar
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  93. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Introducing Queensland. Brisbane, 1961Google Scholar
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  101. State Library. The Public Library of Queensland, William St., Brisbane. State Librarian: J. L. Stapleton.Google Scholar
  102. Statistical Information. The State branch of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics is in Prudential Building, 195 North Terrace, Adelaide (GPO Box 1433J). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: D. L. J. Aitchison. Although the first printed statistical publication was the Statistics of South Australia, 1854 with the title altered to Statistical Register in 1859, there is a written volume for each year back to 1838. These contain simple records of trade, demography, production, etc. and were prepared only for the use of the Colonial office; one copy was retained in the State.Google Scholar
  103. The publications of the State branch include the South Australian Year Book, the Pocket Year Book of South Australia and the Statistical Register (annual), a printed Quarterly Abstract and a duplicated Monthly Summary of Statistics, a duplicated quarterly bulletin of building constructions, duplicated quarterly bulletins of trade statistics and approximately 20 special duplicated bulletins issued each year as particulars of various sections of statistics become available.Google Scholar
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  117. Main publications: Statistics of the State of Tasmania. Annual (from 1822).—Pocket Year Book of Tasmania. Annual (from 1913).—Tasmanian Year Book. Annual (from 1967).—Monthly Summary of Statistics (from July 1945)Google Scholar
  118. Clark, C. T., The Parliament of Tasmania Hobart, 1947Google Scholar
  119. Davies, J. L. (ed.), Atlas of Tasmania. Hobart, 1965Google Scholar
  120. Green, F. C. (ed.), A Century of Responsible Government. Hobart, 1956Google Scholar
  121. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac. Hobart and London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
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  123. State Library. The State Library of Tasmania, Hobart. Librarian: A. E. Browning, B.Ec. FLA, ALAA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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