Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland
  • S. H. Steinberg
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Since the Middle Ages Finland was a part of the realm of Sweden. In the 18th century parts of south-eastern Finland were conquered by Russia, and the rest of the country was ceded to Russia by the peace treaty of Hamina in 1809. Finland became an autonomous grand-duchy which retained its previous laws and institutions under its Grand Duke, the Emperor of Russia. After the Russian revolution Finland declared itself independent on 6 Dec. 1917. The country was freed from Russian troops in a war from Jan. to May 1918, in which, simultaneously, domestic groups advocating a socialist system of government were defeated.


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Books of Reference

  1. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The Central Statistical Office (Tilastollinen päätoimisto, Swedish: Statistiska centralbyrån; address: P.O. Box 10 504. Helsinki 10) was founded in 1865 to replace earlier official statistical services dating from 1749 (in united Sweden-Finland). Statistics on foreign trade, agriculture, forestry, navigation, health and social welfare are produced by other state authorities. Director: Eino H. Laurila. Its publications include: Statistical Yearbook ofFinland (from 1879) and Bulletin of Statistics (monthly, from 1924). A bibliography of all official statistics of Finland is published in Finnish, Swedish and English in each Statistical Yearbook.Google Scholar
  2. Suomen valtiokalenteri (State Calendar of Finland; a Swedish version Finlands statskalender is published separately). Annual, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  3. Introduction to Finland (ed. G. Stenius). Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Helsinki, 1963 (with bibliography)Google Scholar
  4. Alanne, V. S., Finnish-English General Dictionary. Helsinki, 1968Google Scholar
  5. Facts about Finland. Helsinki, 1967Google Scholar
  6. Finnish Foreign Policy: Studies in foreign politics. Political Science Association, Helsinki. 1963Google Scholar
  7. Hall, W., The Finns and their Country. London, 1967Google Scholar
  8. Jutikkala, E., and Pirinen, K., A History of Finland. New York, 1962Google Scholar
  9. Piatt, R. R. (ed.): Finland and its Geography. New York, 1955Google Scholar
  10. Suomen KartastojAtlas of FinlandjAtlas over Finland (ed. L. Aario). Finnish Geogr. Society, Helsinki, 1960Google Scholar
  11. Suomi: Handbook of Finnish Geography. Finnish Geogr. Society, Helsinki, 1962Google Scholar
  12. Tuomikoski, A., and Sloor, A., English-Finnish Dictionary. Helsinki, 1957Google Scholar
  13. Wuorinen, J. H., A History of Finland. Columbia Univ. Press, 1965Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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