The Commonwealth of Australia

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. On 1 Jan. 1901 New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania were federated under the name of the ‘Commonwealth of Australia’, the designation of ‘colonies’ being at the same time changed into that of ‘states’—except in the case of Northern Territory, which was transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’ on 1 Jan. 1911.


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  1. Statistical Information. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (West Block, Canberra, A.C.T.) was established in 1906. All the activities of the Bureau are covered by the Census and Statistics Act, which confers authority to collect information and contains secrecy provisions to ensure that individual particulars obtained are not divulged. Under the provisions of the Statistics (Arrangements with States) Act which became law on 12 May 1956, the statistical services of all the States bave been integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau. An outline of the development of statistics in Australia is published in the Official Tear Book, No. 51, 1965. Commonwealth Statistician; K. M. Archer.Google Scholar
  2. The principal publications of the Bureau are:Google Scholar
  3. Official Tear Booh of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1907 to dateGoogle Scholar
  4. Pocket Compendium of Australian Statistics. 1913 to dateGoogle Scholar
  5. Quarterly Summary of Australian Statistics. Dec. 1917 to dateGoogle Scholar
  6. Monthy Review of Business Statistics. Oct, 1937 to dateGoogle Scholar
  7. Special Publications :Google Scholar
  8. Census—Detailed Tables and Statistician’s Report. 1911–61Google Scholar
  9. Australian Life Tables. 1881–90 to 1960–62Google Scholar
  10. Australian Balance of Payments. 1928–29 to 1951–52Google Scholar
  11. Annual printed bulletins are listed under specified subjects.Google Scholar
  12. National Capital Development Commission, Canberra, The Future Canberra. 1965Google Scholar
  13. Borrie, W. D., and others, Canberra: the next decade. Canberra, 1963Google Scholar
  14. Wigmore, L., The Long View: a history of Australia’s national capital. Melbourne, 1963Google Scholar
  15. Statistical Information. The NSW Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1880, and in 1957 was integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: K. Davison. Its principal publications are:Google Scholar
  16. Official Tear-Book of New Smith Wales (1886/87–1900/01 under the title Wealth and Progress of NSW): latest full issue, 1964; separate sections, 1966Google Scholar
  17. New South Wales Statistical Register. Published annually since 1858; latest issue of separate sections, 1963–64 and 1963Google Scholar
  18. New South Wales Pocket Year-Book. Published since 1913; latest issue, 1965Google Scholar
  19. New South Wales Statistical Bulletin (quarterly). Published since 1905 (except 1943–48)Google Scholar
  20. Montthy Summary of Business Statistics. Published since May 1931Google Scholar
  21. Cumberland County Council, Growth of Population in Australia and the County of Cumberland. Sydney, 1959 (revised 1962, following publication of census)Google Scholar
  22. New South Wales Dept. of Tourist Activities, Facts about New South Wales. Sydney, 1965Google Scholar
  23. Sydney City Council, The City of Sydney: Official Guide. Sydney, 1963Google Scholar
  24. State Library. The Public Library of NSW, Macquarie St., Sydney. Principal Librarian: G. D. Richardson, MA.Google Scholar
  25. Statistical Information. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (S Elizabeth St., Melbourne, CI. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statist: V. H. Arnold, FIA.Google Scholar
  26. Victorian Tear-Book, (Annually since 1873)Google Scholar
  27. Victorian Pocket Year-Book. (Annually since 1956)Google Scholar
  28. Victorian Statistical Register. (Annually from 1854 to 1916)Google Scholar
  29. Quarterly Abstract of Statistics. (Feb. 1947-March 1958)Google Scholar
  30. Victorian Monthly Statistical Review (from Jan. 1960).Google Scholar
  31. Victoria: The First Century. Official History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  32. Leeper, G. W. (ed.), Introducing Victoria. Melbourne, 1955Google Scholar
  33. Mclntyre, A. J. and J. J., Country Towns of Victoria: a Social Survey. Melbourne, 1944Google Scholar
  34. Pratt, A., The Centenary History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  35. State Library. The State Library of Victoria, Swanston St., Melbourne, CI. Chief Librarian: T. A. Kealy, BA.Google Scholar
  36. Statistical Information. The Statistical Office (320–330 Adelaide St., Brisbane) was set up in 1859. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: S. E. Solomon. A Queensland Official Year Book was issued in 1901, the annual ABC of Queensland Statistics from 1923 to 1936. Present publications include: Queensland Year Book. Annual, from 1937 (omitting 1942, 1943, 1944).Google Scholar
  37. Queensland Pocket Year Book. Annual, from 1950.Google Scholar
  38. Statistics of Queensland, Annual, from 1859z.Google Scholar
  39. Monthly Summary of Queensland Statistics. From Jan. 1961Google Scholar
  40. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Introducing Queensland. Brisbane, 1961Google Scholar
  41. Queensland-Department of Agriculture and Stock, The Queensland Agricultural and Pastoral Handbook. 2 vols. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  42. Oilento, R., and Lack, O., Triumph in the Tropics. Brisbane, 1959Google Scholar
  43. Greenwood, O., and Laverty, J., Brisbane 1859–1959. Sydney, 1959Google Scholar
  44. Greenwood, R. H., Queensland, City, Coast and Country. London, 1959Google Scholar
  45. Lack, O., Queensland, Daughter of the Sun. Brisbane, 1959.Google Scholar
  46. Three Decades of Queensland Political History. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  47. State Library. The Public Library of Queensland, William St., Brisbane. State Librarian; J. L. Stapleton.Google Scholar
  48. Statistical Information. The State branch of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics is in Prudential Building, 195 North Terrace, Adelaide (GPO Box 1433J). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: D. L. J. Aitchison. Although the first printed statistical publication was the Statistics of South Australia, 1854 with the title altered to Statistical Register in 1859, there is a written volume for each year back to 1838. These contain simple records of trade, demography, production, etc. and were prepared only for the use of the Colonial Office; one copy was retained in the State.Google Scholar
  49. The publications of the State branch include the Statesman’s Pocket Year Book and the Statistical Register (both annual), a printed Quarterly Abstract and a duplicated Monthly Summary of Statistics, a duplicated quarterly bulletin of building constructions, duplicated monthly bulletins of trade statistics and approximately 20 special duplicated bulletins issued each year as particulars of various sections of statistics become available.Google Scholar
  50. Best, R. J. (ed.), Introducing South Australia. Cambridge, 1959Google Scholar
  51. Centenary History of South Australia. Boyal Geographical Society of Australasia. Adelaide, 1936Google Scholar
  52. Finlayson, H. H., The Red Centre: Han and Beast in the Heart of Australia. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1952Google Scholar
  53. Madigan, C. T., Central Australia. 2nd ed., Melbourne, 1944Google Scholar
  54. State Library. The Public Library of S.A., North Terrace, Adelaide. Principal Librarian: H. C. Brideson, BA.Google Scholar
  55. Statistical Information. The State Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1897 and now functions as the Western Australian Office of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (37 St George’s Tce, Perth). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician: P. W. Sayer. Its principal publications are: Statistical Register (annual). Official Year Book. Pocket Year Book. Quarterly Statistical Abstract. Abstracto/ Statistics of Local Government Areas (annual).Google Scholar
  56. Crowley, P. K., A Short History of Western Australia. Melbourne, 1959.Google Scholar
  57. Australia’s Western Third. London, 1960Google Scholar
  58. Gentilli, J., Atlas of Western Australian Agriculture. Perth, 1941Google Scholar
  59. Kerr, Alex, Northwestern Australia. Perth, 1962Google Scholar
  60. Stephenson, G., and Hepburn, J. A., Plan for the Metropolitan Region: Perth and Fremantle. Perth, 1955Google Scholar
  61. State Library. The State Library of Western Australia, Perth. State Librarian: P. A. Sharr, BA.Google Scholar
  62. Statistical Information. The State Government Statistical Office (T. & G. Building, Collins St., Hobart), established in 1877, became in 1924 the Tasmanian Office of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, but continues to serve State statistical needs as required. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician : R. Lakin.Google Scholar
  63. Main publications: Statistics of the State of Tasmania. Annual (from 1822).—Pocket Year Book of Tasmania. Annual (from 1921).—Monthly Summary of Statistics (from July 1945)Google Scholar
  64. Economic Resources of Tasmania. Hobart, 1945Google Scholar
  65. Barrett, O., Isle of Mountains. London, 1944Google Scholar
  66. Blainey, G. B., Peaks of Lyell. Melbourne, 1958Google Scholar
  67. Cerutty, L., Handbook for Tasmania. Hobart. 1949Google Scholar
  68. Daries, J. L. (ed.), Atlas of Tasmania. Hobart, 1965Google Scholar
  69. Skemp, J. R., Tasmania yesterday and today. Melbourne, 1958Google Scholar
  70. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac. Hobart and London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  71. State Library. The State Library of Tasmania, Hobart. Librarian: B. W. Wray, FLA.Google Scholar
  72. The Northern Territory: Annual Report. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, from 1911 Australian Territories. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, 1960 to dateGoogle Scholar
  73. Nothern Territory Statistical Summary. Bureau of Census and Statistics. Canberra, from 1960Google Scholar
  74. Prospects of Agriculture in the Northern Territory. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, 1961Google Scholar
  75. Northern Territory Scientific Liaison Conference, Darwin 1961, Conference Papers. Melbourne, 1961Google Scholar
  76. Holmes, J. M., Australia’s Open North. Sydpey, 1963Google Scholar
  77. Lockwood, D. W., Fair Dinkum. London. 1960Google Scholar
  78. Polisheck, N., Life on the Daly River. London, 1961Google Scholar
  79. The Territory of Papua. Annual Report. Commonwealth of Australia. 1906–1940–41 and from 1945–46Google Scholar
  80. The Territory of New Guinea. Annual Report. Commonwealth of Australia. 1914–1940–41 and from 1946–47Google Scholar
  81. Report on New Guinea. UN visiting laissions to … Naura and New Guinea. New York, 1962Google Scholar
  82. Papua and New Guinea: statements of Australian policy. Minister for Territories. Canberra, 1960Google Scholar
  83. New Guinea. Australian Institute of Intern. Affairs. Sydney, 1962Google Scholar
  84. Bettison, D. G., and others, Independence of Papua-New Guinea. Sydney, 1962Google Scholar
  85. Essai, B., Papua and New Guinea. Melbourne, 1961Google Scholar
  86. Hasluck, P. M. C, The Economic Development of Papua-New Guinea. Canberra, 1962Google Scholar
  87. Robson, R. W. (ed.), Handbook of Papua and New Guinea. Rev. ed. Sydney, 1961Google Scholar
  88. Simpson, C., Plumes and Arrows Inside New Guinea. Sydney, 1962.Google Scholar
  89. Wilkes, J, (ed.), New Guinea and Australia. Austral. Inst, of Political Science, 1959Google Scholar
  90. Report to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Administration of the Territory of Nauru. 1949 to dateGoogle Scholar
  91. Text of Trusteeship Agreement. (Cmd. 7290; Treaty Series No. 89, 1947)Google Scholar
  92. Territory of Nauru—Annual Report. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, 1920–40 and from 1947–48Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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