HISTORY. A revolution, inspired by the USA, led to the separation of Panama from the United States of Colombia and the declaration of its independence on 3 Nov. 1903. The de facto Government was on 13 Nov. recognized by the USA, and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914 Colombia agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This treaty was ratified by the USA and Colombia in 1921, and on 8 May 1924 diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established.
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Books of Reference
- The Legal Codes (in Spanish). 7 vols. Panama City, 1917Google Scholar
- Panama. Overseas Economic Survey. HMSO, 1955Google Scholar
- Biesanz, J. and M., The People of Panama. Columbia Univ. Press, 1955Google Scholar
- Castillero, Ernesto J., Historia, de Panamá.. 5th ed. Panama City, 1955Google Scholar
- McCain, W. D., The United States and the Republic of Panama. Cambridge, 1937Google Scholar
- Susto, J. A., An Introduction to Panamanian Bibliography (Publications of the National Library, No. 4). Panama, 1946Google Scholar