Mongolian People’s Republic

Bughut Nairamdakh Mongol Arat Ulus
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. The Mongolian People’s Republic was, under the name of Outer Mongolia, a Chinese province from 1686 to 1911, an autonomous state under Russian protection from 1912 to 1919 and again a Chinese province from 1919 to 1921. On 31 March 1921 a Provisional People’s Government was established which declared the independence of Mongolia and on 5 Nov. 1921 signed a treaty with Soviet Russia annulling all previous unequal treaties and establishing friendly relations. On 26 Nov. 1924 the Government proclaimed the country as the Mongolian People’s Republic.


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Books of Reference

  1. The Central Statistical Office in Ulan Bator, set up in 1960, has published (in Russian): Economic Statistics of the MPR for 40 Years. 1961.—40 Years of the MPR Revolution. 1961Google Scholar
  2. Konstitutsia i osnovnye zakonodatelnye akty Mongolskoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Moscow, 1952. (Russian translation of the 1940 constitution and basic laws)Google Scholar
  3. Statistiken Emkhetgel [Statistical Yearbook, in Mongolian]. Ulan Bator, 1960 ff.Google Scholar
  4. Istorya Mongohkoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Vol. I. Academy of Sciences. Moscow, 1954Google Scholar
  5. Mongolsky Sbornik. Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1959Google Scholar
  6. Bavrin, E. P., and Myeshcheryakov, M. V., Mongolskaya Narodnaya Respublika. Ekonomika i Vnyeshnaya Targovlya. Moscow, 1961Google Scholar
  7. Boberg, F., Mongolian-English, English-Mongolian Dictionary. 3 vols. Stockholm, 1954–55Google Scholar
  8. Haltod, M. (ed.), Mongolian-English Dictionary. Berkeley, Cal., 1961Google Scholar
  9. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars. OUP, 1963Google Scholar
  10. Makhnyenko, A. K., Gosudarswenny Stroy Mongolskoy Narodnoy Respubliki. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  11. Maslennikov, V., Mongolskaya Narodnaya Respublika. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  12. Thiel, E., Die Mongolei. Munich, 1958Google Scholar
  13. Zhagvaral, N. (ed.), The Mongolian People’s Republic. (In English.) Ulan Bator, 1956Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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