Republica Populară Romínă
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 Rumania was a principality ruled since 1859 by the hospodar Alexandra Ioan Cuza (overthrown in 1866) under nominal Turkish suzerainty. It consisted of the two principalities of Wallachia (capital, Bucharest) and Moldavia (capital, Jassy), which in 1861 had been united under the name of Rumania. The combined legislative assemblies had met on 5 Feb. 1862 as the first diet of Rumania. A new constitution, adopted by plebiscite in May 1864, and liberal agrarian laws tried to curb the power of the boyars. The area of Rumania was 44,520 sq. miles, the population numbered slightly over 4m., including 400,000 Jews and 200,000 gipsies; the first census held in Wallachia in 1860 gave 2,400,921, including 124,734 inhabitants of Bucharest. The finances were in complete disorder, although the budget nominally balanced at about 164m. piastres (£2·4m.); the public debt was increasing at an alarming rate. The annual tribute to the Turkish Sultan was 8,000 purses (£40,000).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Peace Treaty with Rumania, 10 Feb. 1947. Cmd. 7486Google Scholar
  2. Constitution of the Rumanian People’s Republic. [Bucharest], 1952Google Scholar
  3. Economia Romîniei între anii 1944–1959. RPR Academy. Bucharest, 1959Google Scholar
  4. Monografia Geografică a Republici Populare Romîne. RPR Academy. Bucharest, 1960Google Scholar
  5. Anuaral Statistical R.P.R. 1962.—Rumanian Statistical Pocket Book [in English]. Bucharest, 1962Google Scholar
  6. Buletin Statistic Trimestrial (with Russian and French translations)Google Scholar
  7. Revista de Statisticâ. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  8. Gheorghiu-Dej, Gh., Articole si Cuvîntări, 1056–59. State Publishing House, Bucharest, 1959Google Scholar
  9. Jordan, C. N., The Romanian Oil Industry. New York Univ. Press, 1955Google Scholar
  10. Dictionaral Limbii Romîne Moderne. RPR Academy. Bucharest, 1958Google Scholar
  11. Dictionar Engles-Romîn (English-Rumanian). Bucharest, 1958Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

Personalised recommendations