In 1863 Nepál was under the strong rule of Jang Bahádur Ráná as prime minister and commander-in-chief. The King was reduced to the titular head of state. The defeat of Tibet (1856) had given Nepál valuable extraterritorial rights in Tibet; the military support of the East Indian Company against the Sepoy mutiny had brought Nepál the acquisition of 200 sq. miles of the western Terai (1860). Jang Bahádur gave the country administrative and legal codes and some social reforms, but the social and economic structure remained feudal.
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