In 1863 the Lebanon formed part of the Ottoman Empire. Its present territory was divided into the semi-autonomous sanjaks of Beirut and of Mount Lebanon, each ruled by a local governor appointed by the Turks. It also included a part of the vilayet of Damascus. The economy of the area was based primarily on agriculture, although Beirut was beginning to derive considerable wealth from the transit of goods through its port. Emigration to the Americas had already begun, particularly among the Maronites, and this tendency had been greatly encouraged by the Druze uprising of 1860 and by the subsequent unsettled state of the area.
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Books of Reference
- Dirāsat ‘an liukūmat Lubnān [Studies on the government of Lebanon]. American Unir, of Beirut, 1956Google Scholar
- Grassmuck, G., and Kamal Salibi, A Manual of Lebanese Administration. Beirut, 1955Google Scholar
- Hitti, P. K., Lebanon in History. London, 1957Google Scholar
- Rondot, P., Les institutions politiques du Liban. Paris, 1947Google Scholar
- Tabet, O. A., English-Arabic Dictionary. Beirut, 1930Google Scholar
- Ziadeh, N. A., Syria and Lebanon. New York, 1957Google Scholar